Ancient Africa jenna house

Ghana

Physical Discription

  • Mountains- Akwapim Togo mountains
  • Flat plains- Accra Plains
  • Volta Delta
  • Tropical climate

Ghana Map

Religion

  • Islam/Muslim
  • Christianity

Slave Trade

  • from Ghana to America
  • the demand for slaves increased

Trading System

  • Gold and salt were the main trade resources
  • Silent barters/bartering was how they bought items, no currency until later
  • Ivory, slaves, salt, gold,cattle, and weapons were traded

Empire Information

  • 4th-13th centry
  • very wealthy from trade
  • strong empire

Culture

  • Soninke and Mande were the common languages spoken
  • Islam had a large impact on Ghana's culture
  • Located on the west coast of Africa
  • Starches, corn, and rice were commonly eaten

Current Ghana

  • The economy in Ghana is dominated by agriculture
  • Ghana is a leading exporter of cocoa, gold, and lumber
  • Government type: Presidential Republic

Mali

Physical Description

  • mostly a savanna grassland
  • scattered with some plateaus
  • 65% of Mali is a desert/semi-desert
  • hot and dry climate
  • subtropical climate

Map of Mali

Religion

  • 98% Muslim
  • 2% Christianity
  • 100% Animist

Slave Trade

  • people were taken as slaves when the empire expanded

Trading System

  • many gold trade routes
  • the most important trade product was gold
  • Mali would import salt

Empire Information

  • 12th-18th century
  • The empire was very wealthy because of gold
  • the strongest leader in Mali was Mansa Musa
  • the empire fell shortly after Mansa Musa died

Culture

  • music was and still is very important
  • Mali had many ethnic groups like Bambara, Tuareg, Dagon, Songhai, Senufo, and Fulan
  • many people in Mali would joke which they call "plaisantene"

Current Mali

  • the West African CFA franc is the currency used
  • Bamaki is the capitol
  • French is official language
  • it is a Constitutional Democracy

Songhai

Physical Description

  • located near the Niger River
  • near the Gao rainforest
  • Most of Songhai is a savanna
  • near the Sahara desert
  • hot and dry climate

Map of Songhai

Religion

  • Islam is the main religion
  • there are small religions practiced

Slave Trade

  • Mali was a slave trader with Europe
  • European cities would buy and sell slaves from Songhai

Empire Information

  • from 1375 to 1591
  • also called Songhay
  • Sonni Ali Ber was the first king

Culture

  • blend of West African culture and Islam
  • Timbuktu was a large cultural and commercial center
  • Islam had a large impact on Songhai

Current Songhai

  • Monarchy government
  • strong and efficient economy
  • wealthy
  • Islam
  • Cowry is the currency used

Benin

Physical Description

  • one of Africa's smallest countries
  • Benin consists of five natural regions: coastal, barre (clay), plateaus, mountains, and plains
  • hot, wet, and humid climate
  • tropical climate

Benin Map

Religion

  • 27.1% Catholic
  • 24.4% Muslim
  • 17.3% Vodoun
  • 10.4% Protestant
  • 5.3% other Christian denominations

Slave Trade

  • Benin exported slaves but did not import them
  • Benin traded slaves with Portuguese and Dutch

Trading System

  • Ancient Benin used manillas as currency which is just copper coins
  • traded slaves for manillas from Europeans
  • wealthy from trade
  • traded bronze

Empire Information

  • 900s-1897
  • Benin was originally called Igodomingo which means rulers of the sky
  • became weak and the British gained control in 1897

Culture

  • oral history traditions
  • art
  • wood carvings
  • brass casting
  • decorative plaques and sculptures

Current Benin

  • Under developed
  • one of the world's poorest countries
  • French is the official language
  • CFA franc is the currency

Works Cited

“History Slave Trade.” History Slave Trade,

"Ghana Empire." Ghana Empire, Britannica,

"Ancient Mali Trade Routes vs. European Trade Routes." Ancient Mali Trade Routes vs. European Trade Routes,

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