Hieronymus Bosch By: Claudia Reine


  • Hieronymus Bosch was born in 1450 in Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
  • He lived in his hometown of Hertogenbosch for most of his life. It was an industrial town that thrived in the textile industry. They were very wealthy because they often traded with Europe and Northern Italy.
  • Bosch's father, Anthonius Van Aken, his grandfather, and three of his uncles were painters and artists. They were able to teach Bosch and train him into the painter that he was.
  • During The Middle Ages, Bosch painted multiple pieces for the church, and overall his life was peaceful and relaxed. Once the 15th century came, Bosch's lifestyle changed because people were contaminated with the plague, and were feeling a sense of impending doom in their lives'. At this time, society was scared that any actions could cause them to go to Hell. Bosch painted the awful things that would happen to a person if they sinned, and warned them not to, which put a negative effect on the mood of society.
  • Bosch created paintings and triptychs, which are three separate paintings joined together to form a scene. Some of his works include The Garden of Earthly Delights, Adoration of the Magi, and The Seven Deadly Sins.
  • Because Bosch painted mostly religious pieces, his patrons were related to the church. The church hired him to paint works for them, along with wealthy people who intended to donate the pieces to the church.
The Garden of Earthly Delights, Hieronymus Bosch

The Work

  • This piece, The Garden of Earthly Delights, was created from 1495-1505, when Bosch finished.
  • Today it is located in the Prado Museum in Madrid, Spain.
  • This painting is Bosch's best known and most ambitious piece. It is a triptych, which is one of the rarer forms of art, and is tells a story throughout the scenes.
  • I find this piece interesting because, even though all of the scenes are different from each other, Bosch was able to tie them all together into one work of art. He was also able to use this story to teach the people around him about religion, and to help to make their lives better.
  • Bosch used naturalism in most of his paintings by paying attention to many of the small details. He put time into added the ripples in the water, and showing how the lights carried into the distance. Bosch also used shading and shadows to show depth and add to add detail. He incorporated perspectivism into his pieces because in the horizon, Bosch makes the sky look three dimensional. As the people get smaller in the distance, it makes the work look 3d.

Works Cited

Bosch, Hieronymus. The Garden of Earthly Delights. 1495-1505, oils on a wood panel, Prado Museum, Madrid.

"Hieronymus Bosch." International Dictionary of Art and Artists, Gale, 1990. Gale Biography InContext, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?

"Hieronymus Bosch, The First Surrealist." Hieronymus Bosch, The First Surrealist. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Sautman, Francesca Canadé. "Bosch, Hieronymus 1453–1516." Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender,edited by Fedwa Malti-Douglas, vol. 1, Macmillan Reference USA, 2007, pp. 180-182. Global Issues in Context, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?


Created with images by Cea. - "[ B ] Hieronymus Bosch - The Garden of Earthly Delights - Hell (1490 - 1510) - Detail" • WikiImages - "panel painting mural the garden of earthly"

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