Censorship is the restriction of information. It happens for reasons of national security or public safety. Religious groups band media that they considered sacrilegious, science textbooks, and books that said things in unorthodox ways. Book burnings can date back to ancient times. People burn books so other people could not access the information. In the United States people prevented some books from being sold. Book burning is a very harsh method of censorship.
Book burnings were usually held with the public. One of the most famous book burnings was held on May 10, 1933. Germany had burned anti-national, reactionary texts, and literature. University students threw books that they did not want into the fire. Some best selling books, such as, All Quiet on the Western Front, were burned. The universities towns' ¨Action Against the Un-German Spirit,¨ went great. The Nazi Party wanted to ¨Purify Germany.¨
Right after Hitler got power of Germany, he wanted to burn books. The book burnings took place in Germany, Austria, and other places. People believe that around 25,000 books were burned on May 10, 1933. Joseph Goebbels took part in the burnings, he wanted books by Erich Kastner, Ennst Glaser, and Heinrich Mann to be burned. Erich Kastner was opposed to the Nazi movement. The book burnings were part of a campaign by the German Student Association. Most book burnings were advertised by the media.
Heinrich Heine had declared: ¨Wherever books are burned, human beings are destined to be burned too.¨ Students and storm troopers would throw tons of books into the bonfire and they were singing anthems as they saluted Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler, a high school drop-out led the Nazi's. The foundation Stones of Western Civilization were denounced by students and professors. People thought that their main goal was to pursue a great future for Germany. The Nazi movements always had a lot of right-leaning students. All Jewish instructors were removed from the German schools and universities.
The Nazi student leader for the May 10, 1933 burning was Herbert Gujahr. In the students eyes, the books that were ¨Un-German¨ were considered enemies of National Socialism. Even if the professors or library employees did not agree with the burnings, they still went along with it. Erich Kastner attended the May 10, 1933 burning, he thought it was disgusting and horrible as he witnessed his book thrown into the fire with the other books. Joseph Goebbels was the main speaker at the May 10, 1933 book burning. The 1933 book burnings scared many writers. Poets and writers started to think that they were no longer welcome in Germany after the burnings.
The May 10, 1933 major book burning was held in Berlin Germany. The Reichsminister wanted the people to not be a person of book, instead a person of character. They were burning more than seventy-five books. Burning books is beyond beliefs and the authors ideas. Another author, who's book was burned, John Milton, started telling the world why authorities saw the dangers in books. Most book burnings were about control. Book burning was acquired by its infamy.
The Library of the University of Louvain was a big burning, they burned more than 300,000 volumes.
China´s first emperor, Qin Shihuangdi, burned tons of books. The Library of Alexandria was probably the biggest book burning ever. Nalanda University's book burning took months for the fire to fully burn to the ground. Another large book burning was the Bonfire of the Vanities, which burned books and other items. The book burning at Mani was an awful burning, it destroyed the moral of many citizens. The Siku Quanshu destroyed hundreds of thousands books.
There are a ton of quotes about censorship and book burning. Some examples include:
¨There are worse crimes than burning books. One of them is not reading them.¨ By: Joseph Brodsky
¨Books can not be killed by fire. People die, but books never die. No man and no force can abolish memory...In this war, we know, books are weapons. And it is part of your dedication always to make them weapon´s for man´s freedom.¨ By: Franklin D. Roosevelt
¨Censorship is to art, as lynching is to justice.¨ By: Henry Louis Gates Jr,
¨When you tear out a man´s tongue, you are not proving him a liar, you´re only telling the world that you fear what he might say.¨ By: George R.R. Martin
¨Where they have burned books, they will end in burning human beings.¨ By: Heinrich Heine
´´One cannot and must not try to erase the past merely because it does not fit the present.¨ By: Golda Meir
¨What cannot be said above all must not be silenced but written.¨ By: Jacques Derrida
The History Place - Triumph of Hitler: Burning of Books. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
(www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Cultural Incineration: 80 Years since Nazi Book Burnings | German History | DW.COM | 16.05.2013." DW.COM. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
"The 10 Biggest Book Burnings in Literary History." BachelorsDegreeOnline.com. 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.
"Book Burning." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
"Censorship." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.
Henley, Jon. "Book-burning: Fanning the Flames of Hatred." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 10 Sept. 2010. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.
Henley, Jon. "Book-burning: Fanning the Flames of Hatred." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 10 Sept. 2010. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.
"Nazi Book Burnings (1933) Summary & Facts." Totally History Nazi Book Burnings Comments. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
"Quotes About Censorship (318 Quotes)." (318 Quotes). Web. 24 Apr. 2017.