Musculoskeletal Injuries by: citlalli castro

Head, Neck, Spine

Scoliosis: when a person has scoliosis, their backbone curves to the side.

Signs and Symptoms: Shooting pain in the neck, back, and/or extremities, A tingling or pins-and-needles sensation in the arms, hands, legs, or feet, Numbness in the limbs, Muscle weakness

Causes: The causes of scoliosis are largely unknown. Abnormal spinal curvature can occur in the womb if the bones of the spine form incorrectly or fuse during development.

Treatment Methods: laser treatment, surgery, scoliosis exercises, etc.

Upper

Shoulder Dislocation: : injury in which your upper arm bone pops out of the cup-shaped socket that's part of your shoulder blade.

Signs and Symptoms: Visibly deformed or out-of-place shoulder, Swelling or bruising, Intense pain, Inability to move the joint

Causes: Sports injuries, Trauma not related to sports, falls

Diagnosis: The muscles may have spasms from the disruption, and this can make it hurt more. When the shoulder dislocates again, there is shoulder instability. The doctor will examine the shoulder and may order an X-ray.

Treatment Methods: the doctor will place the shoulder back in the socket.

Lower

Shin Splints: Acute pain in the shin and lower leg caused by prolonged running, typically on hard surfaces.

Signs and Symptoms: A dull ache in the front part of the lower leg, pain that develops during exercise, pain on either side of the shin bone, muscle pain, pain along the inner part of the lower leg, tenderness or soreness along the inner part of the lower leg, swelling in the lower leg (usually mild, if present), numbness and weakness in the feet.

Causes: Can result from stress reactions to the bone or excessive force on the bone.

Diagnosis (how the injury is diagnosed): During a physical exam.

Treatment Methods: Generally you have to rest your leg and take a break from certain physical activities.

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