Values/Beliefs- They wanted to win the war for their country no matter the cost. They believed that they would win if they all did their job. They also believe that they needed to stop the spread of communism. The soldiers in the war valued the time that they had with their families before they were sent to war.
Tactics- They set traps and planted bombs in towns. They also attacked US patrols. The US wanted to set traps in towns that they thought were a threat to themselves. The soldiers used rockets and weapons to fight back.http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history/videos/vietnam-war-tactics
Homefront- While men were at war, women stayed home and took care of children and their homes. Women worked in factories and shipyards. They were recruited for these jobs in place of the men. While the men were at war, they had to do the men's work.
Propaganda- During the war, posters were put up to get people to join the war. They wanted any man who was willing to put their life on the line for their country. Propaganda was used in both sides at the war. Many reporters in the war took pictures of the soldiers and put them on posters. A famous poster read "say no to war". Another famous poster was the poster with Uncle Sam on it that said "I want you for U.S Army". These posters were very popular during this time and many people saw them. Propaganda was used many times throughout the war.
Protests- The anti-war movement was mostly on college campuses. They wanted to express their opinion an how they feel about the war. Many students protested against it. After the US started regular bombing against North Vietnam, protesting became more common. Many people did not support the war and felt that it did not need to be fought.
Media- The Vietnam War was the most publicized wars in American history. Over 2,000 people watched it on the tv everyday. The war was known as the "television war". There were about 600 journalists in Vietnam reporting the action. The US Military Assistance Command (MACV) helped transportation for the news people. During the war more than 60 journalists were killed. Being a journalist during the war was a risky and dangerous job, but they wanted to get a good story to show the people at home.
Economics- The Vietnam war had many effects on the economy. Factories were being used to make things for the war, and many funds were going overseas. Also, the government spent a lot on the military and that caused many problems. Many interest rates rose
Government/Foreign policy- The government spent more than $140 billion on the war. The US ended the draft and switched to an all volunteer army. Congress passed a resolution that limited the president's ability to send troops into combat without congressional consent.
The Draft- During the war, about two thirds of the soldiers were volunteers. The others were selected by the military services. Some people in the war did not have a choice to be in the war if they were selected. Most of the soldiers came from poor families. 25% were from poor families, and 55% were working- class. There were very few that came from upper-class families. Some men chose to go to Canada or flee the country so that they did not have to be in the war.
Family Roles- Many women worked the men's jobs because they had to support their kids, and they had to take care of their house. The kids helped around the house and did chores. Many children and woman were left behind because the man in the family had to leave to go to war.
Reintegration into society- After the war, many of the soldiers had negative health affects. It is estimated that 31% had posttraumatic stress disorder after the war. Many of them were stressed, had anxiety, and had anger issues. Many people did research and studies to try to have a better understanding of what the soldiers were going through. Before the war, the military had boot camp. Their goal was to replace the civilian side of them and replace it with a military identity. After the war, the soldiers didn't know how to be like they were before the war. This was hard for the soldiers, and the families.
Purpose- The US government viewed the war as a way to prevent communists taking over over South Vietnam. Truman wanted to stop the spread of communism. America sent in money to stop Vietnam from becoming a communist country. The Vietnamese communist movement was formed to resist the Japanese. France wanted to gain Vietnam at the end of the war, but the Vietminh fought back. In the end, the US thought the war would prevent communist taking over South Vietnam.
Race Equality- In the Vietnam war 12.6% of soldiers served in the war. The war had the highest proportion of blacks ever to be in the war. At first many people were against African Americans being in the war, but many people saw that they were good people that were trying to help their country. Soldiers in the war did not trust each other because of their race. This was not good for them because they needed to work together to win the war.