Monotheism, is the belief that there is only is one God.
Judaism, a monotheistic religion with the Torah as the backbone of their beliefs.
Jesus Christ is the son of God and the messiah and is at the heart of Christianity and he was born a Jew.
In the New testament Peter was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ.
Paul brought the Gospel of Christ in the first century. According to the New Testament he was dedicated to the early persecution of the disciples of Jesus.
Missionaries along with converts of Christianity were targets of persecution since emergence of Christianity. The people were martyred because of their faith.
Stoicism is important because it's Hellenistic philosophy of personal ethics which is a system of logic on the natural world.
A tradition in philosophy, Neoplatonism is important because of its universal understanding of the humans place in it. Neoplatonism was dominant in this area in the 3rd to 7th century.
Constantine, the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius, an officer in the Roman army. Constantine came to the rank of Augustus. When he became emperor drove the administration in financial and military reforms that strengthened the empire.
Edict of Milan was to treat Christians benevolently in the Roman Empire. Constantine controlled the Balkans and agreed to make policies change with Christians.