Industrialization and Inventions Chapter 19- Sections 1 and 2

The Industrial Revolution

Changes in the Textile Industry

James Hargreaves and Edmund Cartwright

James Hargreaves greatly changed the textile industry with his invention of the spinning jenny, which helped spinners create yarn in greater quantities. This prevented shortages and increased efficiency, but the cloth production couldn't keep up. This ended in 1787 when Edmund Cartwright created a water powered loom that wove cloth efficiently enough that it kept up with the spinning of yarn.

James Watt and the Steam and Rotary Engines

James Watt

James Watt was a Scottish engineer who changed the cotton and coal industries greatly with his inventions of the rotary and steam engines. They both brought productivity and efficiency to new heights. The steam engine could pump water from mines 3 times as fast, and the rotary engine could turn a shaft much more efficiently which helped out the cotton industry greatly.

Richard Trevithick, George Stephenson, and the Locomotive

Richard Trevithick built the first steam powered locomotive for industrial rail use in southern Wales. It wasn't all that impressive, boasting a maximum speed of 5 mph and could pull 70 people and 10 tons of coal. While in today's standards that isn't all that impressive, it was huge for its time. The next major step was taken by George Stephenson. He created a much better engine and was the first public locomotive. It was in England, and the railway stretched from Manchester to Liverpool, and the locomotive was able to traverse the 32 miles at 16 miles per hour.


The Light Bulb

Thomas Edison and Jospeh Swam, an American and a Brit, both independently created a light bulb that changed the world forever. It could light homes and cities across the world, and was a huge step in the industrial revolution.

The Telephone and Radio

Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876 and Guglielmo Marconi sent the radio message across the Atlantic 1901. This sparked an age of communication that is still in affect today. These evens were the sparks that brought us to the age of communication with phones and computers that we have now.

Henry Ford

In 1916 Henry Ford changed he automotive industry forever. His car, the Model T, was nothing special, but he mass produced them which created a whole new industry that had never been seen before.

The Wright Brothers

In 1903, 2 brothers in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, created the first fixed wing aircraft. This paved the way for a whole new industry and way of transportation. By 1916 the first passenger flight was introduced.

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