Photography challenge by Christina Guillermo

Black and White Portraits
Leading Lines- Since our eyes are naturally drawn to lines, leading lines are used to draw attention to a specific part of the picture. Different types of lines –horizontal, curvy, straight, diagonal, zig-zag, radical, etc. - can be used to enhance the photo’s composition. Look for main subjects that have lines in it. (don’t take pictures of empty space if you want to draw attention to a certain location or object)

View Point- Before taking the picture, think about where to shoot from. (high above, below, ground level, side view, from the back, front, close up, far away, etc.) Before shooting analyze the view and think about how the outcome would look from each angle.

View Point Perspective- High
View Point Perspective- Low
Close Up Perspective
Depth- You can create depth by including objects in the foreground, middle, and/or background or overlapping. The human eye recognizes these layers and sorts them out, making the image have more depth. Include other objects in the picture, and make them play into the picture so it gives the image layers.
Framing- Place objects around the image near the edge, so you can isolate your subject from the outside world. This gives it a more focused effect and draws the eye naturally to the point of interest. Take images with surrounding factors and match up your shot with these things to make them go on the edge and isolate your subject.
Forced Perspective
Symmetry and Patterns- Symmetry and patterns can be used for eye-catching compositions. You can also use them to create tension or a focal point in a scene by breaking the symmetry or patterns in the picture. Look for man-made or natural scenes with symmetrical patterns/objects.
Cropping- Sometimes the subject is so small it gets lost in the picture. By cropping, you’re getting rid of the “background noise” and making sure the subject has the viewer’s attention. Take a picture and try to eliminate as much background noise as possible. If there is background noise, you can crop it out so you can draw attention to the subject.
Rule of Thirds- The rule of thirds is when your main subject is on at least one of the third lines if you were to divide up a picture into 9 segments. This will add interest and balance to a photo.
Experimental Shots- Try new angles, shoots, and subjects. Keep experimenting and delete the pictures you don’t like later. It doesn’t hurt to try new things. If you can’t decide on a shot, take several and pick the one you like best.
Favorite #1- I took this shot on an airplane. We were flying above a city and I saw the lights, creating this scenery as depicted above. This shows the dazzling things that man can create, and it also gives a feeling of awe and adventure.
Favorite #2- I took this picture in a car ride recently. The storm clouds were blocking the sun, but the sun still managed to barely peek out, creating this shot. The birds flying around the sun give a sense of freedom.
Favorite #3- I took this shot in Austin. This is a picture of Lake Travis. The sun beams are shooting out of the sky, making a spotlight effect. The sky is also reflecting off the lake, making a semi-reflection.

Balancing Elements- Following the rule of thirds, the subject should have another balancing factor to help fill the empty space. This should have lesser value than the actual subject. Take pictures with one main subject and one or more things with lesser value.

Background- The background of a shot helps focus the viewer on the subject, so look for a plain, inconspicuous background and compose the shot so it doesn’t distract or detract you from the subject. Pick a non-distracting background if you want to focus on one thing.

There are several fields of photography, and each one is unique and special in its own way. Some careers in photography are:

  • Paparazzi
  • Stock photography
  • Fashion photography
  • Wildlife photography
  • Sports photography
  • Product photgraphy

Paparazzi- Paparazzi takes pictures of celebrities and sell them to magazines or tabloids. They basically invade a famous person’s life and take pictures of what they do.

Average Salary- The average salary is unknown, because paparazzi photographers get paid depending on the picture(s) they took.

Stock photography- Stock photographers takes thousands of pictures of people/objects, and they're almost always forced perspective.

Average Salary- The average salary is unknown, because it depends on how successful your career is as a stock photographer.

Fashion Photography- Fashion photographers take pictures of models, travel often, and use a lot of creativity. This job is difficult, and it's one of the most high-pressured jobs in the photography world.

Average Salary- The average salary is $59,000.

Wildlife Photography- Wildlife photographers take pictures of wildlife by traveling around a lot. Most jobs take place in the wild, and they have to be very skilled and willing to risk their life to take pictures.

Average Salary- The average salary is $28,000.

Sports Photography- Sport photographers take pictures of sporting events and can either work in journalism or stock. Good timing and composition skills are needed, proper training, and connections/contacts are almost necessary.

Average Salary- The average salary is $10,000 to $20,000.

Product Photography- Product photographers take pictures of products for businesses. Product photographers usually have a background in photography and are either self-employed and/or freelance photographers.

Average Salary- The average salary is $40,000 to $50,000.

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