Events of the War of 1812

The Burning of the White House

The White House was lit.

August 24, 1814: during the War of 1812 between the United States and England, British troops enter Washington, D.C. and burn the White House in retaliation for the American attack on the city of York in Ontario, Canada, in June 1812. When the British arrived at the White House, they found that President James Madison and his first lady Dolley had already fled to safety in Maryland.

As British troops gathered in the distance, Dolley decided to abandon the couple’s personal belongings and save the full-length portrait of former president and national icon George Washington from desecration by vengeful British soldiers, many of whom would have rejoiced in humiliating England’s former colonists.

Forget the ladder, get the painting!

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Treaty of Ghent

On December 24, 1814, The Treaty of Ghent was signed by British and American representatives at Ghent, Belgium, ending the War of 1812. By terms of the treaty, all conquered territory was to be returned, and commissions were planned to settle the boundary of the United States and Canada. Although the treaty said nothing about two of the key issues that started the war–the rights of neutral U.S. vessels and the impressment of U.S. sailors–it did open up the Great Lakes region to American expansion and was hailed as a diplomatic victory in the United States.

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Battle of New Orleans

That's Andrew Jackson, he's going to be president later.

On December 24, 1814, Great Britain and the United States signed a treaty in Ghent, Belgium that effectively ended the War of 1812. News was slow to cross the pond, however, and on January 8, 1815, the two sides met in what is remembered as one of the conflict’s biggest and most decisive engagements. In the bloody Battle of New Orleans, future President Andrew Jackson and a motley assortment of militia fighters, frontiersmen, slaves, Indians and even pirates weathered a frontal assault by a superior British force, inflicting devastating casualties along the way. The victory vaulted Jackson to national stardom, and helped foil plans for a British invasion of the American frontier.

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Effects of the War of 1812

Established U.S. credibility with other nations

Nationalism - Star Spangled Banner

Era of Good Feelings - period of peace, stability, economic growth, and inspired Manifest Destiny

Andrew Jackson was considered a war hero and helped lead to his presidency later

Effectively ended the Federalist Party

Established the need for a standing Army and Navy

Increased U.S. manufacturing and interstate trade

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Economic Changes

European nations were less likely to interfere with U.S. trade

More economic independence from Europe through increased domestic manufacturing in the North

Created a 2nd National Bank

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