The rise of a military society
How did japan become a military society?
In the late 15th century,Japan fell into chaos.After many years of fighting,skilled generals conquered their daimyos and reestablsihed a strong military government.The military government was led by a shogun,the Commander in Chief.
Explain the shogun,daimyo,and samurai struCture and the loyalties involved
- Shogun ruled with the help of warrior lords called daimyo
- The military government was ran by a shogun,real power was shifted to shoguns.
- Shoguns weakened as daimyos became powerful
- Daimyo treated their lands like independent kingdoms
- They were supported by lot of powerful Samurai
- Expected to be rewarded for their patience and loyalty with land,money,or an administrative office
- Daimyos fought with one another for land and power
- Rise of Samurai brought a new emphasis on military values in Japanese Culture
- Samurai's fought fierce battles on behalf of their lords
- All samurai were trained in the Arts of War,especially archery
- Women and men can both become a Samurai
SAMUrai armor,weapons and fighting
Describe and show pictures of their armor and weapons
- went into battle dressed in a very heavy armor
- Armor was really heavy yet flexible enough to move freely
- They wore helmets,iron masks,metal sleeves,and shin guards to protect their legs
- Wore a colorful robe(kimono)and baggy trouser
- Samurai's fought with bows,arrows,spears,and swords.
- Wooden bows could go up to 8ft long
- Most prized weapon was their swords
Describe their military training and fighting sytles(pictures if you can)
- Samurai practiced until they can shoot accurately without thinking
- Learned to breathe properly and shoot enemies while riding on a horse
- Had to learn how to force an enemy to make his first move
- Learned how to fight in tight spaces
- Learned how to continue fighting even when they lost their weapons
- Fought without weapons by using martial arts
- Messengers from opposing sides met to decide the time and place of the battle
- Found a Samurai that matched in rank
- Tried knocking them off the horse,wrestle,cut his throat
Samurai trainIng and the warrior code(bushido and other values)
How did someone become a samurai?what were the sTages?
- They had to go through many training
- Had to learn self control so they can overcome emotions that might interfere during fight
- Had to learn how to stay alert at all times
What were they tRained to do both physically and mentally?
- Had to learn how to endure pain and suffering
- Young Samurai's went days without eating,marched barefoot in snow,on the way to long journeys
- To overcome the fear of the death,they had to think of themselves as already dead
- A Samurai could never relax,they had to go through meditation
What is bushido?
- The Samurai code took its final form in Bushido as "The Way Of the Warrior"
- The code of Bushido governed a Samurai's life
- It helped Samurai's to be loyal,honest,fair,and fearless of death
WhaT other values/ideals/customs do Samurai live by?
- A Samurai's duty was to always be loyal to his lord,
- They have to be able to die for his lord
- If his lord was murdered,a Samurai would create suicide
- Guard your personal armor (ex)if a Samurai knocked his umbrella against another Samurai umbrella it would result into the first Samurai's death
Discuss seppuku (ritual suicide)
- If you did not live up to the code of Bushido,it resulted into to Seppuku (suicide)
- A sword standing behind you would quickly cut off your head
- They took a sword and cut across the stomach making a circle shape
Training in writing,Literature and tea ceremony
- Samurai were expected to be strong warriors
- Practiced calligraphy,wrote poems,and haikus
- A haiku had to have 17 syllables total,3lines of 5,7,5
- Another aspect of culture was the Tea Ceremony
- Held a atmosphere of harmony,calmness,and peacefulness
- Only decorations were scrolls of art and flowers
- To make tea,they had to heat the water in an iron over a fire
Discuss amida buddhism and zen buddhism
- Two forms of Buddhism that became popular were Amida and Zen
- In the 12th century, a monk name Honen founded a popular form of Amida Buddhism
- These Buddhism believe that all people can reach paradise
- Amida had been an Indian Prince
- Amida Buddhism and a group of Bodhisattvas would be waiting to protect the believer
- Sent appeals to many Samurai because of its effort and discipline
- Becoming awarerequired giving up every day and logical thinking
- Zen was a good match for a Samurai's way of life,they learned discipline,how to focus their mind,and how to overcome their fear of death
Woman in sAmurai society
how did the role of woman in SamUrai society cHange?
- Position of a woman in a summary society declined over time
- In the 12th century,woman of warrior class enjoyed honor and respect
- In the 14th century,Samurai women were treated as a low rank to their husband
what was life like in the 12th century
- They enjoyed considerable status
- A Samurai's wife helped manage the household and promote the families interest
- When her husband died she could and receive his property and perform the duties of a vassal
what was life like in the 17th century?
- In the 17th century,Samurai men were the lords of the household
- Girls did not choose their husband,their family arranged marriages for their daughter to increase position and wealth
- They were expected to kill themselves if their husband was dead
- During the day,they must weave and take care of the household
- Stuck to simple clothing and foods
- Had to stay away from plays, singing and other entertainments