SAMURI Ella Choi period6

The rise of a military society

How did japan become a military society?

In the late 15th century,Japan fell into chaos.After many years of fighting,skilled generals conquered their daimyos and reestablsihed a strong military government.The military government was led by a shogun,the Commander in Chief.

Explain the shogun,daimyo,and samurai struCture and the loyalties involved

shogun

  • Shogun ruled with the help of warrior lords called daimyo
  • The military government was ran by a shogun,real power was shifted to shoguns.
  • Shoguns weakened as daimyos became powerful

Daimyo

  • Daimyo treated their lands like independent kingdoms
  • They were supported by lot of powerful Samurai
  • Expected to be rewarded for their patience and loyalty with land,money,or an administrative office
  • Daimyos fought with one another for land and power

Samuri

  • Rise of Samurai brought a new emphasis on military values in Japanese Culture
  • Samurai's fought fierce battles on behalf of their lords
  • All samurai were trained in the Arts of War,especially archery
  • Women and men can both become a Samurai

SAMUrai armor,weapons and fighting

Describe and show pictures of their armor and weapons
  • went into battle dressed in a very heavy armor
  • Armor was really heavy yet flexible enough to move freely
  • They wore helmets,iron masks,metal sleeves,and shin guards to protect their legs
  • Wore a colorful robe(kimono)and baggy trouser
Armor

Weapons

  • Samurai's fought with bows,arrows,spears,and swords.
  • Wooden bows could go up to 8ft long
  • Most prized weapon was their swords
Describe their military training and fighting sytles(pictures if you can)

MiliTary trAining

  • Samurai practiced until they can shoot accurately without thinking
  • Learned to breathe properly and shoot enemies while riding on a horse
  • Had to learn how to force an enemy to make his first move
  • Learned how to fight in tight spaces
  • Learned how to continue fighting even when they lost their weapons

FIghting style

  • Fought without weapons by using martial arts
  • Messengers from opposing sides met to decide the time and place of the battle
  • Found a Samurai that matched in rank
  • Tried knocking them off the horse,wrestle,cut his throat

Samurai trainIng and the warrior code(bushido and other values)

How did someone become a samurai?what were the sTages?
  • They had to go through many training
  • Had to learn self control so they can overcome emotions that might interfere during fight
  • Had to learn how to stay alert at all times
What were they tRained to do both physically and mentally?
  • Had to learn how to endure pain and suffering
  • Young Samurai's went days without eating,marched barefoot in snow,on the way to long journeys
  • To overcome the fear of the death,they had to think of themselves as already dead
  • A Samurai could never relax,they had to go through meditation
What is bushido?
  • The Samurai code took its final form in Bushido as "The Way Of the Warrior"
  • The code of Bushido governed a Samurai's life
  • It helped Samurai's to be loyal,honest,fair,and fearless of death
WhaT other values/ideals/customs do Samurai live by?
  • A Samurai's duty was to always be loyal to his lord,
  • They have to be able to die for his lord
  • If his lord was murdered,a Samurai would create suicide
  • Guard your personal armor (ex)if a Samurai knocked his umbrella against another Samurai umbrella it would result into the first Samurai's death
Discuss seppuku (ritual suicide)
  • If you did not live up to the code of Bushido,it resulted into to Seppuku (suicide)
  • A sword standing behind you would quickly cut off your head
  • They took a sword and cut across the stomach making a circle shape

Training in writing,Literature and tea ceremony

  • Samurai were expected to be strong warriors
  • Practiced calligraphy,wrote poems,and haikus
  • A haiku had to have 17 syllables total,3lines of 5,7,5
  • Another aspect of culture was the Tea Ceremony
  • Held a atmosphere of harmony,calmness,and peacefulness
  • Only decorations were scrolls of art and flowers
  • To make tea,they had to heat the water in an iron over a fire

Spiritual tRaining

Discuss amida buddhism and zen buddhism
  • Two forms of Buddhism that became popular were Amida and Zen
  • In the 12th century, a monk name Honen founded a popular form of Amida Buddhism
  • These Buddhism believe that all people can reach paradise
  • Amida had been an Indian Prince
  • Amida Buddhism and a group of Bodhisattvas would be waiting to protect the believer
  • Sent appeals to many Samurai because of its effort and discipline
  • Becoming awarerequired giving up every day and logical thinking
  • Zen was a good match for a Samurai's way of life,they learned discipline,how to focus their mind,and how to overcome their fear of death

Woman in sAmurai society

how did the role of woman in SamUrai society cHange?
  • Position of a woman in a summary society declined over time
  • In the 12th century,woman of warrior class enjoyed honor and respect
  • In the 14th century,Samurai women were treated as a low rank to their husband
what was life like in the 12th century
  • They enjoyed considerable status
  • A Samurai's wife helped manage the household and promote the families interest
  • When her husband died she could and receive his property and perform the duties of a vassal
what was life like in the 17th century?
  • In the 17th century,Samurai men were the lords of the household
  • Girls did not choose their husband,their family arranged marriages for their daughter to increase position and wealth
  • They were expected to kill themselves if their husband was dead
  • During the day,they must weave and take care of the household
  • Stuck to simple clothing and foods
  • Had to stay away from plays, singing and other entertainments

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