William Shakespeare By- Katherine Vericker

Thesis

William Shakespeare is a playwright that introduced tons of new words to the English language and wrote over hundreds of songs,plays, books and poems of which still are very popular and used in today's youth in theater's and activists today.

His life

Quote#1:From mid-1592 to 1594, London authorities frequently closed the theaters because of repeated outbreaks of plague. Without the income provided by acting and play writing, Shakespeare turned to poetry. In 1593, Venus and Adonis became the first of Shakespeare’s works to be published. The publisher was Richard Field, a native of Stafford who may have known Shakespeare in childhood. As was customary at the time, Shakespeare dedicated his volume to a noble patron, in this case Henry Wriothesley, the Earl of Southampton. Venus and Adonis proved to be extremely popular and was reprinted at least 15 times in Shakespeare’s lifetime.

Commentary#1:Shakespeare turned to poetry due to the frequent closing of the London supremacies and soon having them published by Richard Feild.

Commentary#2:Shakespeare has been given the title, 'Greatest Composer of all time' after releasing a few of his plays through the years 1602-1616. That being his start of his life career.

Quote#2: William Shakespeare was born in the small market town of Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, the third of eight children. The register of Holy Trinity, the parish church in Stratford, records his baptism on April 26. According to the custom at that time, infants were baptized about three days after their birth. Therefore, the generally accepted date for Shakespeare’s birth is April 23(Lander 15)

Commentary#1:Shakespeare was born April 23, 1564, in Stafford where he grew up with seven other siblings. William started going to school when he was 7 years old. November 27, 1582, he married twenty-six year old Anne Hathaway, raising their two kids, Judith and Hamnet.

Globe Theatre

Quote#1: Globe Theatre was an early open-air English theater in London. Most of the great English playwright William Shakespeare's plays were first presented at the Globe. The brothers Cuthbert and Richard Burbage constructed the theater in 1599 from the timbers of London's first playhouse, called The Theatre. They erected the Globe in the area known as the Bank-side on the south side of the River Thames in the suburb of Southwark. Shakespeare owned a modest percentage of the theater and its operations.(Seidal 1)

Commentary#1:Located in london, the globe theater is where shakespeare's plays were first performed for the public.

Quote#2:Little is known about the Globe's design except what can be learned from maps and evidence from the plays presented there. The Globe was round or polygonal on the outside and probably round on the inside. The theater may have held as many as 3,000 spectators. Its stage occupied the open-air space, with a pit in front for standing viewers. The stage was surrounded by several levels of seating. In 1613, the Globe burned down. It was rebuilt on the same foundation and reopened in 1614. The Globe was shut down in 1642 and torn down in 1644. A reconstruction of the theater was completed 200 yards (183 meters) from the original site in 1996, and it officially opened in 1997.(Seidal 2)

Commentary#1:The globe theater is a 36 feet tall polygon shaped building that can hold a max capacity of 3,000 people. The theater was torn down twenty years after Shakespeare's death in 1644. The globe theater has been torn down for 300 years until 1996 when it was finally restored to its origanal beauty.

Commentary#2: Ever since the Globe theater opened again, people from all over the world visit to take part in staged reading.

Macbeth

Quote#1:Macbeth is a five-act tragedy by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. It was probably written in 1606 and first performed at the Globe Theatre, London, in the same year, possibly in front of King James I. The play is set in Scotland. Returning from battle with his companion Banquo, the nobleman Macbeth meets a group of witches. They predict that Macbeth will first become thane (baron) of Cawdor and then king of Scotland. They also prophesy that Banquo will be the ancestor of kings, though he will not be king himself. King Duncan unexpectedly appoints Macbeth Thane of Cawdor, and so the first part of the prophecy quickly comes true. Macbeth begins to think the second part may also come to pass. Urged on by Lady Macbeth, his wife, Macbeth murders King Duncan, who has arrived as a guest in his castle. But Duncan's sons, Malcolm and Donalbain, escape. Macbeth then seizes the throne of Scotland.(3)

Commentary#1:In 1606, William had finished writing a play called, "Macbeth", with the honor of performing his finished work infront of King James l. Macbeth is a story about a couragous Scottman that collects a forecast from three witches telling him that he will soon become king of his homeland. Devoured by goal and pushed to do so by his significant other, he kills King Duncan to claim the throne for himself.

Cymbeline

Quote#1:Cymbeline is a five-act play by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. It is one of his later plays, and was probably written in 1609 or 1610. Its first performance may have been at the Globe Theater in London in 1611. The text was first published in 1623. The play is a romance set in ancient Britain and Rome. Cymbeline is king of Britain. His daughter Imogen secretly marries Posthumous, a poor but honorable young man. The king angrily exiles Posthumous to Rome.(2)

Commentary#1:Three years later, in 1609, Shakespeare came out with another called, "Cymbeline". This play didn't get performed in the globe theater until 1611 and the text version of the play wasn't available to the public till twelve years later in 1623. This story is about Cymbeline, King of Britain, who marries a displeasing woman who mothers a over the top conceited boy named Cloten. His daughter on the other hand, is beautiful and graceful. Cymbeline plans to arrange a marriage for Cloten to marry his daughter imogen. She refuses and marries helpless, but moral, Posthumus Leonatus.

Coriolanus

Quote#1:Coriolanus is a five-act tragedy by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. It belongs to the third period of his artistic development, when he wrote his great tragedies, such as Hamlet and Macbeth. It also belongs, with Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra, to a group of plays dealing with Roman history. This subject held a particular fascination for the people of Elizabethan and Jacobean England. Experts believe that Coriolanus was Shakespeare's last tragedy, written and performed probably in 1608. It was published in 1623. Coriolanus is a tragedy based mainly on the English writer Sir Thomas North's translation of Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, by the ancient Greek biographer Plutarch. Its central character is Caius Marcius, a haughty general of ancient Rome, who wins the surname Coriolanus by capturing the town of Corioli from the Volsci, an Italian people with whom the Romans are at war. Returning in triumph to Rome, Coriolanus is nominated for the position of consul, the highest political office in the land. He cannot conceal, however, his contempt for the common people of Rome, even though he needs their support to win the consulship. He soon makes himself unpopular with the fickle Roman mob, and the tribunes (Roman officials) find it easy to have him banished from the city.(2)

Commentary#1:Coriolanus is a play that is said is Shakespeare's last tragedy. Written and preformed in 1608 and published in 1623 as well as his other play, Cymbeline. This story is about Caius Martius, a highly egotistical, horrifying general who has made a career on defending Rome from its foes. Pushed by his enthusiastic mother, Caius goes out to seek position of consul. When mass comotion results in his exclusion from Rome. He attempt so find his enemy and together they demolish the city.

Hamlet

Quote#1:Hamlet is a five-act tragedy by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. Its full title is Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. It is included among Shakespeare's mature tragedies, written during the third period of his artistic development. Experts believe that Shakespeare wrote the first version of Hamlet between 1599 and 1601. The full version did not appear until 1623. With the other tragedies King Lear, Macbeth, and Othello, Hamlet stands out among Shakespeare's finest work and is regarded by many as his greatest play and one of the world's great dramas. Shakespeare based his Hamlet on another drama called Hamlet, by an unknown English author, and on a story in Histoires Tragiques by the French author Francois de Belleforest. The source of Belleforest's tale was a history of Denmark by Saxo Grammaticus, a Danish writer of the 1200's.(2)

Commentary#1: WIlliam Shakespeare's most famous play of all that made him the most famous author in the world is his piece that everybody knows and loves, Hamlet. No one knows when he finished writing Hamlet, but many people believe that it might be between the years 1599 and 1601. Hamlet is a play that takes place in the kingdom of Denmark. Prince Hamlet is demanded to inflict upon Claudius, his uncle, by the spirit of his father. Claudius was the cause of his fathers death and he did it to gain the throne and soon marrying his grieving wife.

Othello

Quote#1:Othello is the name of a five-act tragedy by the great English dramatist William Shakespeare. Its full title is Othello, the Moor of Venice. It is one of Shakespeare's greatest tragedies, standing with Macbeth, King Lear, and Hamlet as one the greatest dramas in all literature. Shakespeare wrote it between 1602 and 1604, and it was first performed in 1604 in Whitehall, London, in the presence of King James I. It was published in 1622, and a revised version appeared in 1623.

The first act of the play is set in Venice, and the remaining acts are set in a seaport on the island of Cyprus. Othello, a noble black Moor (North African), has spent his life as a soldier and become a general in the army serving the republic of Venice, Italy. He marries Desdemona, a beautiful Venetian girl much younger than himself. Desdemona's father, a Venetian senator named Brabantio, complains to the Duke of Venice that Othello has stolen his daughter. But Othello successfully defends his behavior. Soon after this, he is ordered to Cyprus to fight off a Turkish invasion. He takes Desdemona with him, as well as Cassio, a young Florentine whom he has just promoted to lieutenant, and Iago, an older soldier who serves as Othello's aide. The villainous Iago decides to destroy Othello by persuading him that Desdemona has made love to Cassio. Iago apparently hates Othello because he has been passed over for promotion and because he thinks the Moor seduced his wife. However, the source of Iago's hatred of Othello has been a matter of speculation and controversy for generations.(3)

Commentary#1: Othello is another story he wrote after his successful story Hamlet. William wrote it between 1602 and 1604 and just like his later stories, they were published in 1622-1623. The revised version came out a year later. It is about a muscular general of the Vietnam army. Othello's life is completely ruined from a envious soldier named Lago.

Antony and Cleopatra

Quote#1: Antony and Cleopatra is a five-act tragedy by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. It is among Shakespeare's last plays. Scholars believe it was first performed in about 1607. It was published in 1623.(1)

Commentary#1:As the play opens, Mark Antony, together with Octavius and Lepidus, rules the Roman Empire. Antony is living in Roman-conquered Egypt, where he has taken the Egyptian queen, Cleopatra, as his mistress. Political problems in Rome and the death of his wife Fulvia force Antony to leave his life of pleasure and return home. Back in Rome, he marries Octavius's sister Octavia for political reasons. But Antony soon returns to "his Egyptian dish." Octavius then prepares for war against him.

Commentary#2: One of his last plays is Antony and Cleopatra, determined to be performed around 1907 and the written version in 1623. This play is a love affair between the Queen of Egypt, the Roman soldier and Mark Antony. Antony rules the Roman-conquered Egypt, with Octavius and Lepidus, where Antony has claimed Cleopatra as his lover. He is soon forced back to Rome from Political issues and marries Octavia. Octavius demands war once Antony returns to Egypt.

All's well that ends well

Quote#1: All's Well That Ends Well is a five-act play by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. It was probably first staged in 1603 or 1604 and was published in 1623. Shakespeare based his play partly on a story from The Decameron by the Italian writer Boccaccio. The Decameron was included in The Palace of Pleasures (1567), a collection of tales from various European writers translated by William Painter.

Commentary#1: One of his earlier plays, Alls well that ends well, is a comedic play based on a different story called The Devameron by the Italian writer Boccaccio. This play is determined to be performed in 1603 or 1604 and the written version published in 1623.

Works Cited

“All’s Well That Ends Well.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

Anderson, Robert. “Shakespeare and His Theater: A Perfect Match.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 778-79.

---. “William Shakespeare’s Life: A Genius From Stratford.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 776-77.

“Antony and Cleopatra.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

Bumgardner, Jake. “Elizabethan Age.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.

“Coriolanus.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

“Cymbeline.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

“Globe Theatre.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1. History Reference Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

“Hamlet.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

“Macbeth.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

“Othello.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

Seidel, Michael. “Globe Theatre.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016

“William Shakespeare.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1-4. History Reference Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

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