How did the howitzer start?
the howitzer was created in Switzerland in the late 17th century. originally used to drive cast-iron shells filled with gunpowder or other incendiary materials into large fortification. it was used in world war 1 by the German Empire to bombard Beguine and French forts.
The howitzer shot shells with many different uses such as incendiary, high explosive, armor piercing shells, along with smoke and chemical shells.World War I Mk V high-explosive shell it is filled with amatol or trotyl (TNT) and Contained 4 lb 10oz explosive.
The name "Big Bertha"
The name Big Bertha was came from a woman named Bertha Krupp. Bertha Krupp was the sole proprietor of Krupp industries who made the howitzer under secrecy. The name Big Bertha had no relevancy to the shear size of Bertha.
The damage of the howitzer
The howitzer used coordinates to launch heavy artillery on enemy Trenches, fortresses or oncoming groups of troops . The howitzer was an artillery beast using three or four at the same time could destroy large portions of trenches or large groups of troops.