Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios, known as El Libertador, was a Venezuelan military and political leader.
Bolívar was a revolutionary leader in the independence wars of South America and strove to liberate colonies from the Spanish Empire. He led Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Peru to their independence and even briefly united them as a single nation called Gran Colombia.
Revolutionary movements emerged during the wars of independence: Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín. These two revolutionaries became iconic figures for the Spanish American Wars of Independence.
Simón Bolívar died on December 17, 1830 in Santa Marta, Colombia, after a battle with what may have been tuberculosis.