Baja California

Climate and Geography

There are four main deserts areas and they are San Felipe Desert, the Central Coast Desert, the Vizcaino Desert, and the Magdalena Plain Desert. Most of northern Baja California has a climate similar to Southern California and the Sea of Cortez during the summer it is hot during the day and is usually humid during the night. In the southern half of Baja California it is more tropical it’s hot and humid during the summer and in the winter it is cool.

The Four Main Deserts

History and Colonism

Jesuits, Dominicans, and Franciscans were all Orders. And what they did was spread Christianity throughout Baja California to the Native Americans or Indians. These orders established religious outposts throughout Baja California. Those missions introduced European livestock, vegetables, and fruits. Soon after, the Indians were impacted by the European diseases and made a huge decrease to the population of the Indians.

Mission in Baja California

Animals and Insects

In Baja California some marine animals that are found are blue whales, humpback whales, california grey whale, orcas, manta ray, and leatherback sea turtles are found between the Sea of Cortez and a nearby lagoon Magdalena Bay. Some land animals you can find are coyotes, pumas, lynx, wild sheep white tailed deer, and many different types of eagles are found in the mountains. In Baja California Sur there are some insects that are dangerous you should watch out for and those insects are spiders (mostly the brown recluse and black widow) and scorpions.


Culture and People

The population in Baja California are 1.6 million… Roman Catholics, so that means there are more than 1.6 million people on Baja California. The total amount of people in Baja California is 1,968,333 people. Also, one of their traditions is Miércoles de Ceniza, in english this means Ash Wednesday. Basically, what it is, is the celebration of Lent which is a religious part of the Christian Liturgical Calendar.

Ash Wednesday Tradition

Plants and Resources

Apple Defense Seeds

Plants have defenses that can be thorns, spines and prickles. The most common type of plant is the one that has chemical for protection when in danger. Plants have defenses that can be thorns, spines and prickles. The most common type of plant is the one that has chemical for protection when in danger. Also, an apple has a defense which is the seeds. It contains a small amount of amygdalin (cyanogenic glycoside), when chewing on the seeds it will release hydrogen cyanide, and when chewing a good amount it will become fatal.

Economy and Industry


In Baja California, pearling, shrimping, and fishing used to be an important part of the economy. But soon after, Tuna processing facilities were closed because of overuse of fishing. And shrimping was banned in the west, the reason behind this is so that they can let the shrimp species repopulate, or recover. Also, from the 1800’s to the 1950’s, Silver was a big export from the Peninsula. Where the silver came from was from the mountains of Baja California. Because of the increased prices of important metals, small mining companies have been under small operations.

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