What are the reasons for this? Could it be the growing media coverage has enabled people to speak out about gender?
What age is deemed to be most appropriate when prescribing medication that is life long?
Do schools go far enough to encourage inclusivity?
Cross generation/cross religion stories - demonstrates the negative treatment experienced in recent times - how are we changing as a society to accept non binary perspectives?
Can we ever go beyond gender identity as the most important component of our identity?
We are seeing an increasing number of transgender characters in drama who are increasingly played by transgender actors - does this signify real acceptance?
Caitlyn Jenner has been hailed by many as a positive role model for transgender people but has also faced criticism - can one person really be a spokesperson for all?
An academic source which explores the relationship between the media and gender identities - whilst the focus is largely on male/female representations this extract is useful as a starting point when exploring pluralist perspectives.
Biological determinism - the view that people's behaviour patterns are the result of their genes and their biological inheritance. Biological determinists typically argue that women and men are fundamentally different, and that they cannot help it - they were born that way. Social constructionism - the view that people's personality and behaviour are not pre-determined by biology, but are shaped by society and culture. People are not fixed from birth, and can adapt and change.
So how does transgender fit into this? If sex is fixed how might we explore people who are not happy/comfortable with their assigned sex? Also, what is the impact of considering those who might class themselves as non-binary and do not identify as male or female? How is this explored in media representations? Are they essentially binary opposites or can we find more subtle and yet complex alternatives?
This book argues that there is not a single, straighforward psychological process through which gender identities are formed; instead, there is a complex interaction of thoughts, evaluations, negotiations, emotions and reactions. We are therefore never going to be able to produce a simple flow chart showing how identities are 'formed'; other, more subtle, approaches are needed.
I really like this quotation as it summarises well the complex nature of identities - it could even make a good essay question ; 'With reference to transgender identities could it be argued that in a web 2.0 age media texts are becoming more democratic, resulting in more complex representations'.
Or something like - how far can you we thank the advances in media for the advances in acceptance of less mainstream identities such as transgender?