Malaria By: COnor Harrison

Malaria is a very serious disease. It is caused by a parasite that infects certain mosquitoes. These mosquitoes bite humans and that is how the disease is transmitted. Malaria is a parasitic protist.

There are two types of malaria: Uncomplicated and sever malaria. Symptoms for uncomplicated malaria include: Fever, chills, headaches, sweats, body aches, etc. Symptoms for severe malaria include: acute kidney failure, low blood pressure due to cardiovascular collapse, hypoglycemia, etc. When the parasites infect the body, they first grow and multiply in the liver cells. Then they attack the red blood cells. The parasites grow inside the red blood cells and destroy them. When the red blood cells are destroyed, they release daughter parasites that continue the process by invading other red blood cells. Malaria can be lethal, but it is a curable disease if treated correctly. Malaria is an acute disease.

There are many drugs that are used in treatment for malaria and these include: chloroquine, atovaquone-proguanil, artemether-lumefantrine, mefloquine, quinine, quinidine, doxycycline, clindamycin, and artesunate. Primaquine prevents relapses of malaria.

It is said that malaria was eliminated from the US in 1950. There are approximately 1,500-2,000 cases of malaria reported in the US each year. Almost all of these instances come from recent travelers. Malaria is more intensely transmitted in areas that are warmer and closer to the equator, and it is also transmitted year-round.

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