Salvia Divinorum Paul Shimanovich

Drug Information

Salvia is a hallucinogenic relative of mint that originates in Sierra Mazateca in Oaxaca, Mexico

It is the strongest naturally occurring psychotropic

Common street names include Hierba Maria, semilla de la Virgen, ska Maria Pastora, the diviner's sage, herbal ecstacy, and Mexican mint

The scientific name is Salvia Divinorum

The active ingredient is Salvinorin A

It contains neoclerodane diterpenes and tetrahydrocannabinal (THC)

Mazatec shamans used it for curing disease or pain, and for divination

The drug is traditionally be brewed into tea or chewed and swallowed in large amounts

In recent times, people have begun smoking crushed leaved in a pipe, concentrated or extracted forms of the leaves, quid held in the mouth, or it can be crystallized repeatedly

Medical and Legal

There hasn't been enough evidence collected for a consensus on long-term effects. Some felt depression-like symptoms while using it, while others felt like it helped them feel better

It can be used as a mood stabilizer

Salvia doesn't produce unwanted side-effects

It was traditionally given by shamans to treat pain and constipation

It is legal in 21 states

It is Schedule 1 in some states, and most states have some control over sale and distribution

The short-term effects can vary based on the form it's in, the dosage, and the person

It can lead to Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder

Forensic Aspects

The effects can be felt quickly, and the high can be over in 5-10 minutes

People high on Salvia can feel overstimulated in normal settings and can overreact

Not a lot is known about the drug's side effects

Works Cited

Salvia divinorum. (2010). In S. L. Blachford & K. Krapp (Eds.), Drugs and Controlled Substances: Information for Students. Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2645000043/SCIC?u=nysl_we_wshsl&xid=ff9cc292

Brookhaven scientists explore brain's reaction to potent hallucinogen. (2008, 28 Apr). Brookhaven National Laboratory News Release Retrieved from https://sks.sirs.com

Dorell, O. (2006, 02 Apr). Powerful but legal hallucinogenic salvia targeted for ban. USA TODAY Retrieved from https://sks.sirs.com

Saferstein, R. (2013). Forensic science from the crime scene to the crime lab (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson

Credits:

Created with images by luis perez - "IMG_6125" • cristina.sanvito - "salvia" • aeroSoul - "salvia divinorum" • orsorama - "Salvia" • Starr Environmental - "starr-080117-1979-Salvia_leucantha-flowers_and_leaves-Home_Depot_Nursery_Kahului-Maui" • Starr Environmental - "starr-150708-0262-Salvia_elegans-flowers-Hawea_Pl_Olinda-Maui" • isamiga76 - "Red Salvia" • briweldon - "Salvia spathacea" • Dick Culbert - "Salvia scutellarioides" • nickton - "Flowers"

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