Inventors and Inventions Collin Cheung

Textiles

James Hargreaves was an English inventor credited to be one of three to mechanize spinning.

Hargreaves perfected the spinning jenny in 1768 in response to a shortage of yarn. This invention allowed spinners to produce larger amounts of yarn.

Edmund Cartwright was an English inventor who graduated from Oxford University.

Invented in 1787 by Cartwright, the loom powered by water could weave cloth as fast as the yarn spun.

James Watt, a Scottish inventor, created one of the most important inventions of the time that increased productivity and trade.

In 1760s, the steam engine was invented. The engine powered by steam pumps water from mines three times as fast allowing coal to be extracted faster. In 1782, Watt developed the rotary engine. In time, the steam engine was used all across Britain in cotton mills.

Transportation

Henry Cort was an English iron manufacturer that developed a system to use coal to turn crude iron into quality iron.

Richard Trevithick pioneered the first steam-powered locomotive in 1894 in Southern Wales.

This pioneering invention could carry 10 tons of ore and 70 people at 5 mph.

George Stephenson and his son surpassed Trevithick with their Rocket.

The Rocket was used on the first public railway line that stretched 32 miles from a Liverpool to Manchester. The Rocket traveled at 16 mph.

Electricity

Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan, American and British respectively, used electricity to power the lightbulb.

By 1880s, European cities had electric-powered streetcars and subways.

Communication

Alexander Graham Bell first words in the telephone were "Mr. Watson -- come here -- I want to see you"

Guglielmo Marconi sent the first transatlantic radio waves in 1901.

Travel

Henry Ford did not just make the Ford Model T, but the assembly line that could mass produce the car.

In 1900, the world had 9,000 cars; by 1916, the Ford assembly line in multiple factories could produce 735,000 cars annually.

Wilbur and Orville Wright pioneered flight. In 1903, Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the first fixed-wing airplane flew. In 16 years, the first regular passenger air service was established.

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