Gerund Phrase By: Joshua, Chris, Madisen, and nick

A gerund is a verb that ends in -ing but functions as a noun. Gerunds can be used as a subject, direct object, subject complement, and object preposition because of that.


  • Climbing is not as easy as it looks.
  • In Costa Rica we gave zip lining a try.
  • Micah's favorite sport is running.
Practice: Detect the Gerund
  1. Walking is Bob's favorite exercise.
  2. Climbing is not as easy as it looks.
  3. I remember promising to give Steve a bike.
  4. Do you like swimming in the ocean?
  5. Reading is my favorite past time.
Things to Remember
  • Gerund phrases start with a gerund
  • The phrase includes modifiers and often include other objects in it too
  • Gerund phrases always function as subjects, subject complements, and objects in sentences
  • The gerund phrase will always function as a noun
Practice: Detecting Gerund Phrases.
  1. Blowing bubbles on a windy day is a fun activity for children.
  2. Piling too much laundry into a washing machine will cause it to malfunction.
  3. Eating ice cream on a hot day can be a good way to cool off.
  4. Ethan narrowly avoided driving off the cliff.
Gerunds and present tense participle phrases both end in -ing which could be confusing to distinguish the two from each other. A gerund phrase will always function as a noun while a present participle phrase describes another word in the sentence.
  1. Jamming too much clothing in a washing machine will result in a disaster.
  2. Jamming too much clothing into the washing machine, Aamir saved $1.25 but had to tolerate the curious stares of other laundry patrons as his machine shook with the heavy load.
  3. My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed.
  4. Buttering toast with a fork, Bernard vowed that he would finally wash the week's worth of dirty dishes piled in the sink.
  5. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the bed.
  6. Bernard hates buttering toast with a fork.

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