A description of the correlation between economic development and decreased fertility rates. The more industrialized a country gets, the closer to Zero Population Growth they become.
- Pre-industrial stage: Country has little to no industrialization so Birth and Death rates are similar but high.
- Transitional stage: Country begins to industrialize. Birth rates stay high, but Death rates drop with increased sanitation and health. Largest Population growth occurs during this stage.
- Industrialized stage: Country is fully industrialized, but still young. Birth rates drop towards lower death rates.
- Post-industrial stage: Country is fully industrialized, with older generations living longer with high quality of life. Birth rates fall to and below Zero Population Growth.
- On occasion, there is a fifth stage that is shown called the Declining stage. This is where population begins to decline due to birth rates falling below death rates.
Reduction of Poverty
- Life Expectancy: Developing countries have raised the average life expectancy from 48 to 65 years of age globally, but there are still several countries with a life expectancy in the mid 40 years range.
- Infant Mortality Rate: approximately 22,000 infants a day worldwide due to undernourishment, malnourishment, and infectious disease.
Empowerment of Women
Must provide increased opportunities for education, health care, work, and equal rights including pay. This will allow for fewer children to be born, and for better care to be provided for those children.
The U.S. has the highest teen pregnancy rate in the industrialized world. We also have higher drug addictions and inadequate healthcare for mom and baby compared to other developed countries.
Family Planning Policies
- Nearly 42% of pregnancies are not planned.
- Educational and clinical services are vital.