Name: Preeti Iyengar - Group Members - Cayla, Thomas, Valeria - Start Date: 3/6/17 - End Date: 3/10/17 WOK Badge: The Evolution of Memory
3/6/17 - Today we have chosen our groups for WOK 4. I am in a group with Valeria, Tom, and Cayla and we have chosen Memory. We do not have a lot of time but so far we have researched a little bit about how memory is used as a way of knowing. According to the textbook, memory is our brain collecting events that have happened in our lives which we use as knowledge in the future. Although, now that we have the internet, our ability to attain memory has decreased over the decades. This is because people are not using their memories to retain information anymore. You can now write your memories or take pictures of your memories and store them in your computer, which means you do not need your memory anymore.
3/8/17 - We have just taken the quiz for memory and I had to retake it twice. I think I have learned a lot more about how memory is a way of knowing now that I have taken the quiz twice. Our foundation of memory was correct. It is something that happens in our brains where we collect memories from our past lives. We can use the information in our brains that we have retained in our everyday lives such as when we are doing an assessment in school and we need to recall memory that we studied last night, or when we are doing simple tasks such as switching lanes while driving. We know from our prior knowledge what to do and that information sticks into our brains which is what we call memory. So far I have learned that memory mean more than storing information in your brain. There are many different types of memories that the brain uses differently. Through the eyes of a knower, we use memory to help us in the future.
3/10/17 - We have read the elective readings and now we have an even better foundation of what memory is pertaining to ways of knowing. Memory is a very large factor in our ways of gaining knowledge. Without memory, we would not be able to remember anything. It acts as a storage system of knowledge that we have acquired throughout our lives. If we were unable to reach our memory, then we would not be able to remember past knowledge, which affects the knowledge that we gain in the future. Memory can also influence what kind of knowledge you gain. This is a process called selective memory. It is the act of simply remembering the things that you want to remember or what are important to you. Even though humans tend to forget or have false memories, it is still a reliable source to an extent.
Essential Question: Is eyewitness testimony a reliable source of evidence?
Memory as a WOK is unreliable, and definitely not as a source of evidence. Memory is strongly affected by bias and other WOKs, such as reasoning, current emotional status, emotional status at the time of event, and other outside sources such as peer pressure. This is why eyewitness testimony is not a reliable source of evidence, it is limited to the accuracy of the witness’ memory, which in turn is limited by the variables of bias at the time of event. For example, Robert Nelson was convicted of the rape and murder of two women, based off of a tentative visual ID. 19 years later, Robert Nelson was found innocent based on DNA evidence. This is why memory is especially unreliable in extreme cases as eyewitness testimony. There are too many variables and factors of bias that can affect memory, with trauma being a powerful, yet common one, when discussing eyewitness testimony.
In this article by Nicholas Carr, he talks about how the invention of the internet has created millions of ways for people all around the world to access information about anything their heart desires. What scientists in this article have said is that the advancement of technology has helped us in many ways such as remembering everything, something that our brains cannot do. Although, a disadvantage is that is had decreased our ability to retain information on our own. We do not go to the internet to read the traditional way like when we go to a library. We actually go on the internet to avoid reading traditionally. This in turn, dumbs our minds down. Since we have all the information, we refuse to process it in a higher level of thinking to understand more because all we can do is look up the article or webpage again, there is no need for memorizing
What I have gained from reading this article was that the internet is not exactly killing our brains. It just has changed the way in which we process information. Search engines such as google are not necessarily killing our brains. Our memory doesn't work that way. When we experience something our memory stores it in our brain subconsciously. Information that have an emotional resonance to the individual will more likely remember something. Also, the information on the internet is general knowledge for the world to have. Humans still produce and recall new and old memories everyday from their own individual experiences which is represented as personal knowledge. The creation of the internet does not have a large correlation to our memory. Although, it has changed how we remember things. Now that we are able to access everything on the internet, we can memorize less information.