Freshwater Bottling A Canadian resource

What is Freshwater?

Freshwater is defined as having a low salt concentration. Also freshwater is naturally occurring water that is on the Earth's surface as many things like underground/groundwater streams.

What is bottled water?

Bottled water is bottling water that is packaged in plastic bottles. Also bottled water can be carbonated, but in some cases it isn't.

Together freshwater and bottled water make freshwater bottling. Freshwater bottling is freshwater that is bottled.

Fact about Canada's freshwater:

  • Canada is one of the worlds richest countries in terms of freshwater and we take its abundance for granted.
This is a picture of a water bottle that is put in the sun

Maintenance of Freshwater: When water is unprotected for a longer time under direct sunlight or other heated places, algae or mold can occasionally develop in the fresh water. Bottled water is packaged in sanitary and highly protective places. The plastic containers that the water is put in, are a little absorbent, which could let environment air gases like vapors from household soaps, petroleum-based fuels and other fuels, to affect the taste and scent of the water. Proper maintenance helps ensure the quality of the product. In order to keep bottled water fresh you need to not store it for a very long time. The federal responsibility for the regulation of bottled water sold in Canada, is the food inspection agency. Health Canada organizes health and safety standards for bottled water and evolves into labeling policies related to the health and nutrition. The Canada food inspection agency evolves standards related to the packaging, labeling and advertising of these products and controls all inspection and enforcement duties.

These are pictures of workers working on making and maintaining fresh water bottling

Jobs of individuals in a fresh water bottling agency:

  • Communicators: Their job is to engage the community and employees to support corporate programs and projects while strengthening and improving the company's image which helps maintain water bottling because if they have an image then they will maintain the water bottling.
  • Maintenance and Operations workers: Their job is to maintain and operate assets such as pipelines, pump stations and water supply tanks, also construct small assets like water and sewer mains, this helps maintain water bottling because water comes from pipelines and these assets so it is a part of water bottling.
  • Rangers: Their job is to protecting and maintaining the collection of water and maintaining the dams.
  • Scientists and Process Specialists: They are environmental, hydro-geological and chemical scientists who work to protect and make sure that the characteristic of the water sources and water. Also if there is problems in the water they try to find solutions to the problem.
  • Treatment Plant operators: Their job is to operate the water and sewerage treatment plants and processes. This helps maintain water bottling because we need operators to operate the water treatment.
This is a picture of a groundwater diagram

Affects of fresh water bottling:

Good (doesn't affect):

Fresh water doesn't affect our economy because without fresh water neither small businesses nor major global industries can function without water. One impact if we didn't have fresh water would be that nothing in the world would be able to function. Another affect is that wherever there is no freshwater their is no economic growth. Also, in some parts of America because of no fresh water there is poor maintenance of aging infrastructure.

Bad (does affect):

Bottled water is bad because of water mining, because they take groundwater, bottle it, and send it to stores, companies and other places, which means bottled water isn't fresh sometimes. The sustainability of the world's freshwater resource is an urgent global issue, but not for Canadians. The quality and availability of fresh water are declining in some parts of the country, while others face shortages. Managing Canada's fresh water is a complex issue. Over one billion people lack access to clean, safe, affordable drinking water. It is expected that by 2025, two-thirds of the world's population will have a lack of access to clean water. It is also predicted that wars that will happen in the future will be fought over fresh water. Another affect of fresh water bottling is that each year about four billion pounds of plastic bottles end up in landfills and as litter on the ground. Furthermore, it can impact extraction because some bottlers take water from big volumes from places like springs and nestle, that can dry up wells, and also drain rivers. In addition, dangerous toxins from some plastic water bottles can get into the water you will drink. The plastic bottles we throw in the garbage go to landfills which then causes pollution and affects our economy. There is an increasing concern for the maintenance of fresh water biodiversity and the goods and services it provides. Also, we need to stop the Nestle Corporation from bottling fresh water in Canada. We need to stop because Nestle doesn't always have access to clean water which means that sometimes this corporation uses dirty water, that can affect peoples' health in many ways.

This is a picture of water bottles that are thrown on the ground as litter (Left side). This is a picture of a plastic water bottle landfill (Right side),

Ways to stop fresh water bottling

One way we can stop fresh water bottling is that we can stop buying water that is bottled and if we stop then the companies will stop because otherwise there will be too many and the stores will be over-loaded with bottled water. In other words, we can discontinue purchasing plastic bottles, and buy a sustainable, re-usable bottle and fill it with tap water. Also if we really need water in bottles we can use re-usable bottles. Another way we can stop fresh water bottling is that we can host a ban bottle event which can raise awareness and notify the corp-orators that water bottling affects our economy/environment in a big way which is polluting. If not the whole world but you can still ban them from your houses and workplaces. Each year about 20 billion plastic bottles are thrown in the garbage. If we can't do any of those options then we can maybe put the fresh water in something else when they ship it instead of plastic bottles. Which can maybe slowly decrease the amount of plastic we throw in the garbage each year.

This is a picture of an example of where fresh water is located and this is called an Aquifer.

Why are fresh water bottling places located where they are located?

You can buy fresh bottled water at any store. If you are store owners you can receive it from companies, in other words if you have your own business then the creators of fresh water bottling ship it to business owners and companies that can sell them after getting it from the creators. But before that the creators/industries get it from somewhere. The majority of fresh water is non-renewable because it is locked up under the ground in aquifers, can be frozen in glaciers, or it can also be found in lakes. Most fresh water is found in very large river systems also in ice caps. Although fresh water isn't renewable, the Great Lakes is the biggest fresh water system on the planet. Fresh water is naturally occurring water on Earth's surface as ice sheets, icebergs, glaciers, bogs, ice caps, ponds, lakes, rivers, streams and underground and groundwater. In addition, most of the surface fresh water and groundwater is not good for drinking because of the presence of chemicals or biological contaminants. Furthermore, fresh water habitats are split into lentic systems, they are still waters that contain swamps, lakes and ponds, also groundwater that flows in rocks and aquifers. The resource of almost all fresh water is precipitation from the atmosphere; in forms of snow, rain and mist. Most people depend on groundwater as their fresh water supply. Lakes are big bodies of water that are surrounded by land. One fact is that groundwater and surface water are connected.

This is a picture of the world map, which shows how much fresh water resources each country has.
This is a picture of the infiltration process.

Is fresh water bottling renewable or non-renewable?

Fresh water bottling can be both renewable and non-renewable and I will be telling you how it can be both.

A renewable resource is a resource that can be used again and again because it is replaced naturally whereas a non-renewable resource is a resource that is of economic value and can't be used again and again naturally, non-renewable resources are basically the opposite of renewable resources.


Fresh water bottling can be a renewable resource because as water continuously evaporates from the Earths surface, it brings together the atmosphere to come back after to the Earth as rain. Also on the Earth itself water fills groundwater and groundwater replaces water. With careful authority and responsible use, water is considered to be a renewable resource.


Only 3% of the water in the world is fresh water. Water is a simple molecule and there isn't a lot of hydrogen around to combine to the oxygen and make new water. Even though water is considered a renewable resource because global hydro logical system is extremely large so the flows are such that water is generally locally filled everywhere, but if you put water deeply underground or send it to space then the water is out of the global hydro logical system, which makes it a little like non-renewable. Also another reason why it can be non-renewable resource is because we are taking too much fresh water. Furthermore, the process of the water cycle is called "infiltration". Infiltration is where precipitated water goes into the ground, which is filtered by the soil and becomes ground fresh drinking water. This way water becomes renewable, but when water communicates with pollutants, the characteristic decreases and then becomes non-renewable.

This is a picture of a graph of the imports of bottled water in Canada.

What are Canada's exports and imports for fresh water bottling?

Imports means bring goods into your country that were bought from a different country.

Exports means sending goods from your country to a different country (selling goods then sending them).

Canada's main imports are:

  • machinery/equipment
  • vehicles/parts
  • crude oil
  • chemicals
  • electricity
  • durable consumer goods

Canada's main exports are:

  • Raw materials
  • logs
  • minerals
  • food
  • grains
  • cattle
  • fish
  • oil
  • gas

Imports of fresh water bottling:

All bottled water sold in Canada has to comply with the food and drugs act and its regulations.

Exports of fresh water bottling:

Fresh water bottling exports mean send fresh bottled water from our country to a different country. Canada has 7% of the worlds fresh water supply, so we export it to different country's. The export of freshwater between America and Canada takes place on a small scale, most of the time it was bottled water exports. The bottled water industry exports the water in containers that were often smaller than 20 liters.

This a video of how the water bottling industries process bottled water, and then ship them to different stores, companies, etc. This company is called Spring Fresh Water.

Therefore, in my opinion fresh water bottling is a great resource but we should stop using plastic bottles to put the fresh water in.

By: Supreet

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