Nelson Mandela Apartheid:South Africa's struggle

In 1910, the British gave us, South Africans, freedom. The freedom they gave us was not what we expected. They did not give us the right to rule our own country. They gave our right to the Afrikaners, the Dutch.
We were stuck in segregation, called apartheid. The white people here separated themselves from us as if we were somehow beneath them.
I once said "Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do."
Since I was young, I knew that I was meant to restore Africa to independence. As a child I listened to the elder's stories of my ancestor's valour during the wars of resistance. Ever since then I had dreamed also of making my own contribution to the freedom struggle of my people.
Even though apartheid is ended now, I think it is important that we do not forget what has happened to get us where we are today. We are a free people. And I am proud to lead you all. Do not forget why we fought.
Remember your drive for independence. All we went through. All of the deaths, the relocations, the homes lost, the families separated, the segregation. We must use that drive to continue governing our country to greatness.
“This then is what the ANC is fighting. Their struggle is a truly national one. It is a struggle of the African people, inspired by their own suffering and their own experience. It is a struggle for the right to live. During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” - Nelson Mandela, statement from the dock at the opening of the defense case in the Rivonia trial (excerpt), 1964
I put some of our independence movements highlights below. Please look through them intently, and read the excripts if you can.
Our movement
In 1960 the ANC radicalized after the Sharpeville massacre in which 69 people were killed. After Mandela was arrested for planning armed resistance against the apartheid government, the fight against apartheid continued with other ANC members, university students, young high school aged students and community members. By the mid 1970s, the anti-apartheid movement gained momentum. In 1976, during the Soweto Uprising, Black South African students protested against educational discrimination and the police killed more than 500 people. In 1977, Steve Biko, the leader of the Black Consciousness Movement was beaten, arrested and died in police custody inciting more urgency to end apartheid. By the 1980s, the anti-apartheid struggle was strong and gaining international support.
June 16, 1976 - Thousands of Students Protest Afrikaans Language in Soweto. In this photo young boy Hector Pieterson being carried by Mbuyisa Makhubo after being shot by South African police. His sister, Antoinette Sithole, runs beside them. The boy was rushed to a local clinic and declared dead on arrival.
By 1986, President P.W. Botha declared a state of emergency and implemented martial law. Over the next four years, thousands of Black South Africans were detained or killed.
Boycotts and divestment took the form of refusing to buy South African goods, refusing to support South African professors, and refusing to make business investments in South Africa until apartheid ended. South Africa also did not compete in the Olympic Games from 1964 to 1988, as a part of the sporting boycott of South Africa during the Apartheid era.
On February 11, 1990, the government freed Nelson Mandela after 27 years of imprisonment and legalized the African National Congress (ANC). In 1991, negotiations between the government and anti-apartheid leaders began.
The elections began on April 27, 1994 and lasted 5 days. Many Black South African voters traveled for more than a day to the polls, and some waited in line for more than 24 hours to vote for the first time in their lives.
Nelson Mandela was the very first elected president of the newly independent South Africa.

That catches us up to present times. You must understand that despite the overthrow of apartheid in South Africa, our country still is suffering from economic inequality. The most important and difficult task facing South Africa’s government now is to create greater economic equality while maintaining the support of white South Africans. We need your help, no matter what color you are, to continue fixing our country.

"For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others."

- Bibliographry -

*all photos were found in yahoo and google images

*information was found on our notes taken in class

Quote's source : https://www.forbes.com/sites/mfonobongnsehe/2013/12/06/20-inspirational-quotes-from-nelson-mandela/#2339eb0a7101

Created By
Lillian Draper
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