Fernando of Aragon- Fat slob. Isabel of Castilla - Bloodthirsty savage, married in 1469 somehow. Uniting Christian kingdoms against the Moors. Solidified their power through religion; military success. Moors dividido into many small kingdoms. Fernando and Isabel Ended Reconquista by defeating Moors in Granada in 1492.
The Start of the Spanish Inquisition. Led by Pope Innocent IV and Pope Sixtus IV. In 1492 last Rey moro defeated; all Muslims remaining in Spain forced to leave or convert to Christianity. In 1502 Given the success against the Muslims, it is now decided that all Jews need to leave Spain or convertir to Christianity.
Carlos V used the funds that were pouring in from the Colonias para subsidiar the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe. Spain under Carlos V became one of the strongest defenders of Catholicism, as it luchado to stop the spread of Protestant Reformation across Europe. He passed on this legacy to his successor, his son Felipe.
Felipe II comes into view with family problems. Continued wars against Protests. In 1554, Felipe married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. A male Heredero de este matrimonio would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England. Annexed Portuga, Dutch declare independence from Spain: starts guerra involving England. In 1588 Spain's Invincible Armada defeated by England.
Felipe IV’s son, Carlos II died in 1700, leaving no heir to ascend to the throne of Spain. War of Spanish Succession Familias reales deshuesadas and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. War Termina in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes king of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.
Grandson of Felipe V (son of Carlos III). Total incompetence. Dealing with Napoleon leads us to use of Mucha dinamita. Rebellion of 2 May 1808 in Madrid begins War of Spanish Independence. Joseph Bonaparte remoto from throne of Spain in 1812. During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gain independence. Constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy
Bourbon Troubles. Fernando VII dies without a male heir, dejando only his daughter, Isabel. The country is divided on the issue of a woman ruler. Supporters of Fernando's brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas”. Isabel II reigns from 1833-1868. Isabel II rules through agitación política, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. The Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868. An short-lived experiment places king Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873.
First Spanish Republic in 1873 ands year after. The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875 -1885, followed by his son Alfonso XII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death). His mother Supervisar the government as his regent in the interim. In Moda típica borbónica, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of it last remaining colonies in 1989 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco.
Unable to put stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931. The dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country. In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarquía or give democracy another try.