Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), a Republican, was the popular 34th President of the United States, serving two terms from 1953 to 1961. Before he became president Eisenhower was a lifelong military man, commanding the D-Day invasion while serving as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II.
FOREIGN POLICY: John Foster Dulles was a devotes anti -Communist. Dulles sought to contain the spread of communism by preventing the soviets from gaining additional influences. Eisenhower Doctrine: was an extension of the containment policy.
DOMESTIC POLICY:The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29, 1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, It is mostly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956. It took years to put together, but a new Federal-Aid Highway Act passed . The law authorized the construction of a 41,000-mile network of interstate highways that would span the nation. Small town were affected by creating ghost towns because the highway re routed people so no one drove threw the small towns as much as before this made the towns lose money. Ghost towns is an abandoned town that contains substantial visible remains.
HOUSING BOOM/BABY BOOM: was when birth rates were at a all time high. This boom and the G.I BILL aka (Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944) helping veterans led developers to build cheaper, mass-produced housing. Home ownership increased by 50%. The movement of middle-income families to the suburbs led to a declining urban tax base and decaying inner cities.
ECONOMIC PROSPERITY: The high demand for consumer goods reached an all-time high. Many autos and TV sets were sold. The use of refrigerators and other house hold items became widespread. The gross domestic product doubled between 1945 and 1960. The United States dominated trade around the world.
CONFORMITY: In the 1950s, there was a large emphasis on conformity. Different and uncommon ideas were regarded with suspicion. The scare of communism strengthened the dislike of non-conformist attitudes.
MEDICINE ADVANCEMENTThe post-war period saw many advances in medicine. The success of antibiotics in treating infections gave new hopes for cures. In 1953, Jonas Salk developed the first vaccine for polio, a disease that attacks the central nervous system and can cause paralysis or death. Polio paralyzed thousands of American children each year. Salk used the dead virus as the basis for his vaccine. He tested it on himself and his family before setting up a field test with almost two million volunteers. Other medical advances during this period included a measles vaccine, the first heart transplant, and the discovery of streptomycin, and antibiotic to treat tuberculosis.