The Great War
- Growing rivalries led the nations to make military alliances
- Otto von Bismarck, Prussia's chancellor, knew that France longed to avenge its defeat in the Franco-Prussian War.
- He believed that France was the greatest treat to peace.
- In 1882, he formed the Triple Alliance with Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany. Later he signed a treaty with Russia.
- Kaiser Wihelm II of Germany didn't want to share power with Bismarck
- He forced Bismarck to resign and followed his own policy. He let the agreement with Russia end.
- In 1890, with Russia's lapse, they responded by forming an alliance with France, which became a fear to Bismarck.
- If Germany went to war with France and Russia, then Germany would be forced to fight two front war.
- Later, Germany wanted to build a navy bigger as Britain. By this, Britain formed a Triple entente with France and Russia.