Marching Toward War By Aleksandra Salcius, Daniela Vega, and Monica Ricossa

The Great War

Up left: British/ANZAC trench, northern France, Up right: A German soldier throws a hand grenade By: AP photo, Bottom left: Overtop By: John Warwick Brook, Bottom right: German prisoner with British soldier By: national library of Scotland
  • Europe wanted to outlaw war and have peace throughout the lands
  • Europe had peace for almost 30 years
  • Peace congresses where active between 1843 and 1907

What led to WWI?

  • Militarism- building a strong army in preparation of war
  • Nationalism- extreme pride in ones country
  • Imperialism- one country takes over another country economically and politically
  • Assasination- Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia on June 28th, 1914

Rising Tensions in Europe

  • The growth of Nationalism can serve as a unifying force within the country.
  • It could also cause intense competition among nations, with each seeking to overpower the other.
  • A rivalry had developed among Europe's Great Powers. Those nations were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, and France.
  • Another force that helped set the stage for war in Europe was imperialism.
  • The policy for glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war was known as militarism.
  • Having a large and strong standing army made citizens feel powerful and full of freedom.

Tangled Allainces

Alliance, agreements of coming to union among nations to aid each other if attacked between countries of organizations.

  • Growing rivalries led the nations to make military alliances
  • Otto von Bismarck, Prussia's chancellor, knew that France longed to avenge its defeat in the Franco-Prussian War.
  • He believed that France was the greatest treat to peace.
  • In 1882, he formed the Triple Alliance with Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany. Later he signed a treaty with Russia.
  • Kaiser Wihelm II of Germany didn't want to share power with Bismarck
  • He forced Bismarck to resign and followed his own policy. He let the agreement with Russia end.
  • In 1890, with Russia's lapse, they responded by forming an alliance with France, which became a fear to Bismarck.
  • If Germany went to war with France and Russia, then Germany would be forced to fight two front war.
  • Later, Germany wanted to build a navy bigger as Britain. By this, Britain formed a Triple entente with France and Russia.

Crisis in the Balkans

  • The Ottoman Empire was falling into decline and the Balkans became a politically unstable region.
  • Austria-Hungary was worried about the Salvic population in Serbia wanting to grow in fear of creating a Salvic state would stir rebellion because it supported Serbian nationalism.
  • Balkan peoples began to fight against each other to control the region.
  • Actions angered the Serbs, but their Russian allies were u willing to support them, and they backed down.
  • Russia came to Serbia's defense, soon most of Europe was at war.
  • Conflicts between the colonial powers erupted for the dominance of the new Balkan states.
  • These crises will bring the World towards the Great War.

The Armenian Massacre

  • Young Turks political reform movement moved to eliminate the Armenian people from the Ottoman Empire.
  • Of the 2 million total Armenians, 1.5 million were killed.
  • The Armenian people were tortured, massacred, and starved. The majority were sent into the desert to die of thirst and hunger.
  • Many were forcibly removed from Armenia and Anatolia to Syria.
  • The Armenian Genocide took place from 1915 to 1918, with renewed instances of brutality occurring between 1920 and 1923.
How did nationalism, imperialism, and militarism help set the stage for World War 1?

- The Rise of Naturalism, Imperialism, and Militarism all helped with setting the stage for WWI

- Europe witnessed several gradual developments that would ultimately help propel the continent into the war

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