William Shakespare by: COnnor Dailey

Thesis

Shakespeare influenced the world through his early, middle, and late life.

Early Life

Quote 1: "During Shakespeare’s infancy, his father was one of the town’s leading citizens. In 1557, John Shakespeare had become a member of the town council and subsequently held such offices as constable, offeror, and chamberlain" ("William").

Commentary: Since Shakespeare's father was one of the town's known people, he probably got a greater education than he normally would have gotten. He also had enough time to start writing plays with that knowledge even though many historians believe that William's first plays were lacking his full imagination and his full potential.

Quote 2: "William attended grammar school where he studied latin grammar, latin literature, and rhetoric. As far as we know, he had no further formal education ("Anderson").

Commentary: William went to grammar school from about ages six to thirteen. His father, paying for his schooling, made Shakespeare who he is today. Even with what little schooling he had, he had a great grasp on Latin and English.

Quote 3: 'His father stopped attending town council meetings in 1577, and the family’s fortunes began declining. Matters were not improved in 1582 when Shakespeare, at the age of eighteen, hastily married Anne Hathaway" ("William").

Commentary: Shakespeare had to stop attending school because of the cost. Not too many years later he very quickly married Anne Hathaway which led to 3 kids. They most likely lived in Shakespeare's parents house which was very crowded.

Middle Life

Quote 4: "By the late 1590’s, Shakespeare not only had become an established writer but also had become prosperous" (“Lander”).

Commentary: This proves how Shakespeare, aged only in his 30's, was already a well known writer. He already had success in his writing as well as his poetry and it seemed as it would grow for years to come.

Quote 5: "By 1954, he was a charter member of the theatrical company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, which was later to become the King's Men" ("Anderson").

Commentary: Their group was called the King's Men because of the fact that they were supported mainly by King James the First himself. The 1590's were the years of fame for Shakespeare and his acting troupe.

Quote 6: "In 1593, Venus and Adonis became the first of Shakespeare’s works to be published" ("Lander").

Commentary: Shakespeare needed an income and repeated outbreaks of the plague forced officials to close the theaters. That is why William turned to poetry. He wrote a lot of poetry but Venus and Adonis is his most famous one as it was reprinted 15 times during his lifetime.

Quote 7: The English playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare is generally considered the greatest of English writers and one of the most extraordinary creators in human history" (“William”).

Commentary: They consider Shakespeare the greatest English writers of all time because he made three-thousand plus words that were eventually added to the English dictionary. As well as being considered the greatest English writer ever, he is also known as an amazing creator in poems, plays, and as an actor.

Late Life

Quote 8: “Some people like to think of him sitting in his study in Stratford, surrounded by books, and others imagine he was leading a hectic life in London,” “No one really knows” ("William").

Commentary: Historians do not really know how Shakespeare lived out his last years. This quote shows some think he retired and had a calm last years while others think he stayed in London after his son's death still living his life in the public view. As stated above, "No one really knows."

Quote 9: Nicholas Rowe, an eighteenth-century Shakespeare biographer, states that the playwright “retired to Stratford some years before his death" ("William").

Commentary: Some people think that he retired from his public life after Hamnet's death. On the contrary, government papers show William regularly playing for Queen Elizabeth the First and King James the First after his son's death.

Quote 10: "During his last eight years, Shakespeare was the sole author of only three plays—Cymbeline,The Tempest, and The Winter’s Tale" ("Lander").

Commentary: Shakespeare wrote less and less because of family. His mother died 1608 and both of his daughters got married. Some historians argue that The Tempest, written around 1610, was his last play. They say that play is almost a farewell to the stage.

Works Cited

Anderson, Robert. “William Shakespeare’s Life.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 776-77.

Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.

RAVILIOUS, KATE. “The Bard At Home.” Archaeology 69.4 (2016): 44-47. History Reference Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

“William.” web.a.ebscohost.com/src_ic/detail/detail?sid=0ff53bda-0996-4eb3-84cf-d4af5eafb652%40sessionmgr4010&vid=2&hid=4204&bdata=#AN=88367662&db=t6o. Alexander, Peter. Shakespeare’s Life and Art. Reprint. London: Nisbet, 1961. Print.Bloom, Harold, ed. Elizabethan Drama. Philadelphia: Chelsea, 2004. Print.

Bradbrook, Muriel C. Shakespeare, the Poet in His World. London: Weidenfeld, 1978. Print.

Chute, Marchette. Shakespeare of London. New York: Dutton, 1949. Print.

De Grazia, Margreta, and Stanley Wells, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare. New York: Cambridge UP, 2001. Print.

Frye, Roland Mushat. Shakespeare’s Life and Times: A Pictorial Record. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1967. Print.

Halliday, F. E. Shakespeare and His World. New York: Scribner’s, 1956. Print.

McDonald, Russ, ed. Shakespeare: An Anthology of Criticism and Theory, 1945–2000. Malden: Blackwell, 2004. Print.

Quennell, Peter. Shakespeare: A Biography. New York: World, 1963. Print.

Reese, M. M. Shakespeare: His World and His Work. Rev. ed. New York: St. Martin’s, 1980. Print.

Schoenbaum, Samuel. Shakespeare’s Lives. New York: Oxford UP, 1970. Print.

Schoenbaum, Samuel. William Shakespeare: A Compact Documentary Life. New York: Oxford UP, 1977. Print.

“Shakespeare Authorship 101.” Shakespeare Oxford Fellowship. Shakespeare Oxford Fellowship, 2016. Web. 2 Sept. 2016.

Stewart, Doug. “To Be or Not to Be Shakespeare.” Smithsonian.com. Smithsonian Inst., Sept. 2006. Web. 2 Sept. 2016.

Wells, Stanley. Shakespeare: For All Time. New York: Oxford UP, 2003. Print.

Derived from: “William Shakespeare.” Great Lives from History: Renaissance & Early Modern Era, 1454-1600 (Online Edition). Salem Press. 2013.

William Shakespeare GALE. http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T003&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R1&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=2&userGroupName=tmulvusd&inPS=true&sort=RELEVANCE&contentSegment=&prodId=GVRL&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3426300095&&docId=GALE|CX3426300095&docType=GALE.

Created By
Connor Dailey
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Credits:

Created with images by tonynetone - "William Shakespeare" • WikiImages - "william shakespeare poet writer" • ell brown - "The Gower Memorial - statue of William Shakespeare" • ell brown - "William Shakespeare 1564 - 1616 - Cannon Street, Birmingham" • summonedbyfells - "SHAKESPEARE'S DAUGHTER'S HOUSE - HALL'S CROFT"

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