After the assassination of Lincoln following the Civil War, Democrat Andrew Johnson took office. He was at odds with a Republican Congress, who fought against his ideas to not have Confederates face any consequences for the war. When Republican Ulysses S. Grant took office following Johnson’s impeachment, Grant was able to again implement the Republican acts that helped reprimand the South for their role in the war and support African Americans in their new fight for freedom. However, by the election of Hayes, many Republican Reconstruction policies failed to persevere in the new Progressive Era. While the Republicans passed many acts that promoted their platform during Reconstruction, by the end of the era, the acts were not enforced and eventually led to a second Civil Rights movement having to occur in the mid 1900s.
The picture is of a Freedman’s Bureau school that was set up and lasted because of the Civil Rights Act that was passed by the Republicans in Congress in the 1870s. The schools were established throughout the country to try and increase the education of newly freed blacks. Societies, such as the Ku Klux Klan, burned the schools as a form of protest against African Americans. They felt threatened that if Blacks were educated they would be able to advance in society and extend their freedoms, such as voting rights.
This political cartoon shows the Compromise of 1877, in which Hayes essentially traded the Presidency for the reversal of many Republican policies. The most notable change was the removal of government troops from the rebel states, which allowed for discriminatory actions to continue without check from the US government. The cartoon portrays how Hayes, the farmer, plowed through the all the Reconstruction progress, the soil, with his "Let'em alone" policy.
Since the Republicans failed to maintain the laws they passed originally, later in the mid 1900s the country faced a renewed racism. The picture shows Southern boys who are refusing to go to school with African Americans. These strikes were prevalent in the era and may have been prevented if the Republicans had taken stronger stances against Black codes and other discriminatory actions. Their failure led to a much longer and harder fight to freedom for African Americans.