The actual date of the creation of the statue is unknown, but we know that the ginormous temple was made slightly before the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius' reign of 161-180 AD. The temple was created some time after the Greek emperor Antoninus Pius died, but before the Romans invaded North Jordan. This is when they built the temple, dedicated to the demigod Hercules. The Citadel is encircled in a 1.7 km wall, which has been around for nearly 2000 years.
For around 500 years, nothing really happened to Amman. It is presumed that the Roman's left after the collapse of the Roman Empire in 476 AD, but nothing is truly known for sure, until roughly 600 AD, when the Byzantine empire conquered Amman. For the next century, various Islamic groups fought for control of Amman, until a large earthquake in 747 AD made the city uninhabitable. However, sometime between 800 AD and 900 AD people began to return to the city. Amman then became a peaceful city for roughly a century, before medieval groups sought to control it. In the end, it was controlled by the Mamluk Sultanate for a short time before Emir Sirghitmish bought the entire of Amman. His family inherited it for a few generations, before it became a city of rubble from the end of the 1400's to the year 1878.
It was then inhabited by a collection of Circassians, who fled back to their homeland Syria as per the request of their Sultan. After this time the Ottoman Turks took control of Jordan, among other Middle Eastern countries, and ruled it as a modern government. Afterwards, in 1918, the British forces sought to control Amman due to its strategic location in the First World War. After a second battle on the Hejaz Railway, the British gained control, but the Ottoman Turks held political power. It remained this way until 1946, wherein Jordan gained it's independence through the Arab Revolt, and Amman was made the capital of the newly freed country.
Apart from the two aforementioned historical attractions, there are various things to see and do during your time in Amman. For example;
The Jordan Museum
Both Amman and Jordan's biggest museum, The Jordan Museum offers a splendid look into the history and origin of Jordan throughout the ages. The museum focuses on the development on the Arabic language and the Nabatean peoples who originated from North Arabia. The museum has information boards written in impeccable English, which are a great addition to this attraction. During my visit to the museum , I was particularly impressed with both the structural layout of the museum and the beautiful architecture of the building. It is also located next to the city hall, which is also an impressive building. A few of the museum's attractions include the Dead Sea Scrolls, the oldest-known human statues of Ain Ghazal, and ancient remains from the Jordanian city of Petra.
THE ROYAL AUTOMOBILE MUSUEM
The current King of Jordan, King Abdullah II, requested that a museum was built to celebrate his father's love of cars, after he died of Lymphoma in 1999. The museum was built in 2003. The museum features famous cars, such as the Hussein's personal Rolls Royce, which would ferry him around when he visited Jordanian tribes. Another famous car featured in the museum is the Rover used in filming of the 2015 movie The Martian, as a few of the Mars scenes were filmed in Jordan. The museum also hosts a variety of cars, ranging from Ferrari's to Yamaha Motorcycles.
Prices for accommodation in Jordan can range from mediocre to extremely cheap. All high quality hotels, regardless of location, cost under 10,000 kr. The cheapest hotel in the capital will cost no more than 500 kr for a week's stay. With this wide variety of prices, you shouldn't struggle to find somewhere to stay that fits your price bracket. The cheap prices for cosy apartments around the city mean that you can extend your stay past the average 3 to 4 days to at least a week, which means more time in this picturesque city.
During my stay I payed just under 10,000 for a high quality apartment that was situated in a beautiful part of Amman. It was also out of the main clustered area where most tourists tend to stay, meaning traffic whilst driving to and from attractions is minimal. The apartments are located 5 km away from Al Khaldi Hospital, should any accidents arise. On top of this, it has a great view of the mountains on the horizon, again thanks to its marvelous location. This exquisite hotel also has a fully equipped kitchen, free parking in a underground garage area, as well as a flat-screen TV, a bathroom will all the necessities included and, to top it all off, staff that speak English, German and Arabic.
Sun Rise Hotel
If however the accommodation above is too pricey for you, you could go for something more affordable, such as the Sun Rise Hotel. For 8 nights renting a room in this hotel will cost just 38.67 Jordanian Dinars, or $54.53.
Just a short drive to the Jordan Museum, its location is perfect for days out in the center of Jordan's Capital. It also features free on-site parking, and the family who owns the guesthouse are quite hospitable and always happy to help. This cheap hotel also has an on-site restaurant, perfect for a late night local meal, when restaurants outside of the hotel seem too far away.
Deluxe Furnished Apartment
But if you prefer a larger place to lodge, that's more middle ground for price, perhaps you should consider something similar to the aptly named Deluxe Furnished Apartment.