How to Draw

This presentation will give you an overview on some drawing fundamentals. These will include measuring, sighting, proportion, value, form, edges, composition, and rendering


This picture shows the preliminary stage of drawing. You first need to measure the space where you need to draw. For this example I am drawing a person. Thanks to references I know that the person I'm drawing will be two heads wide and 8 head tall. I left a one inch border around the figure and then created the head accordingly.


This steps is important to make sure you don't get your drawing confused with any preconceived ideas of what your drawing looks like. If you're drawing a person make sure you draw what is actually there and not a symbol you might be more familiar with.


With this step you its important to show that you're paying attention to your reference and drawing it as accurately as you can. Proportions can be described as another form of measuring. This figure is 8 heads tall so its in the correct proportions. The arms and legs are a specific length based on the reference also.


This step is important to making a piece the best quality you can. Its important when drawing to start out on tracing paper. After you finish drawing on the tracing paper you go through a process called transferring so you can have the final line work on a page. You need to get a page of graphite a piece of mixed media paper and your original tracing paper. You then just trace over the tracing paper over the graphite and mixed media paper and it transfers over. Clean up any smudges you see and darken lines if you need to.


The values of a picture are the lights and darks. The lights in the picture are white so you would call those light values. The darks of the shading you would call dark values. There are many different kinds of values. Some darks aren't as dark as other areas because of the shading. Some light areas may be brighter than other areas because of the lighting. We represent those through the values of each area. The edges are how the different values blend together. In this picture there are a lot of hard edges. The differences between the colors do not blend together well. There can be smooth edges in other types of pictures. The values will blend together with smooth edges.


The last part of a drawing or painting is flapping it. For this step you just tape a piece of tracing paper over your art to protect it from any harm.

That's The End

If you follow these steps then you can also learn how to draw!

Created By
Christian Quaranta


Created with images by HomeSpot HQ - "Level and Ruler"

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