Essential Rules of Basic PhotographyJennifer Lozano
Space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece. This rule states that if the subject is not looking directly to the camera, or looks out of the frame, there should be enough space for the subject to look into. The direction of attention is towards the bird. The background is almost entirely blurred but not completely. The exposure is dark, but by hiring the exposure, we were able to make it brighter. The lighting is soft since there are no shadows.
The simplicity rule directs that you should keep the items in your photo relatively simple. If your main subject is close to the lens, then your background should be very simple or blurred in order to avoid distractions. The attention is towards the flower and the background is blurred and it is not a distraction. The depth of field is shallow since the background is blurred. The light is soft. The photographer did use color.
The leading lines rule can be used to direct the eye deeper into a photo and commonly to the main subject. Leading lines can lure the eye to a subject by leading to it from any side or depth of the photo. The focus in this picture is the guitar strings. The focus in this picture is very shallow since the background is entirely blurred. The lighting is soft and the photographer did use color.
RULE OF THIRDS
By positioning your main subject at any other place but the middle, you are giving your subject more emphasis than if it is right in the middle of the photo. Our focus here is Bella and she as positioned to the side. The depth of field is kinda shallow since the background is somewhat blurred. The lighting is natural which can be harsh since it creates shadows. The photographer did use color.