Turtles by: Tori Nelson

~Introduction~ turtles are a reptile that has four legs, have a hard shell for protection and shelter. They have claws to help dig and eat, and a tail. Turtle may refer to the order as a whole or to fresh-water and sea-dwelling testudines.

classification~ Kingdom - Animalia, Phylum - Vertebrata, Class - Reptilia, Order - Testudine, Family - Cheloniidae

~brief history~The oldest fossils of turtles were found in Germany. They are among the oldest fossils of four-legged animals and one of the Earth's most ancient creatures.turtles are excellent swimmers and divers. These ancestral turtles had completely formed shells and lived on land, in marshes.animals commonly called cold-blooded—meaning that their internal temperature varies according to the ambient environment.

~grouping and characteristic~

there are about 318 species in the world world. there are fresh water, salt water, land turtles, tortoises, ect.

characteristic~All turtles share five traits in common that distinguish them from other reptiles. First, every species has a shell made of a carapace and a plastron. Second, all of them have four appendages. Additionally, they all have a tail, hatch from eggs, and have a specialized skull which lacks teeth.

~Housing and equipment~you have to have a aquarium and food and water. you can keep them outside or inside. depend on your mood. some things your need is: heat lamp, UV lamps, air filter, tanning bed for your turtle, filter, thermometer, ramps to get up and down. also make sure you don't have males together because they will fight. only have male and females or females together.

~Feeding and Handling~ Turtles have a varied diet which includes fruit and vegetables as well as meat. green and leafy things should be the largest part of his diet. fruit content use apples, bananas, pears, grapes, kiwi and melon. provide food for your turtle is to use specially prepared turtle pellets which you can buy in your local pet store.

wash your hands after touching it. It carry's Salmonella it could very be miserable. you change the mulch and water once every two weeks.

common disease or aliments

~common diseases in turtles~ Internal parasites, such as roundworms, are common in pet turtles. roundworms may cause diarrhea or weight loss in your turtle. some other diseases Vitamin A deficiency, respiratory diseases, abscesses, shell infections and fractures, and parasites.

~reproduction~ they mate ( a male and a female if you didn't know ). the actual mating part, happens several weeks before the nesting season. Two or more males may court a single female. A male will climb onto a female's back while she is swimming horizontally in the water. Females nest every two or three years

~some examples of how much they lay is here below- sea turtles lay 110 eggs in a nest, and average between 2 to 8 nests a season. The smallest clutches are laid by Flatback turtles, approximately 50 eggs per clutch. The largest clutches are laid by hawksbills, which may lay over 200 eggs in a nest. 4.

Credits:

Created with images by akasped - "Rescued Sea Turlte" • bobistraveling - "Turltes Morrow Mt SP NC 1064" • bobistraveling - "Eastern Painted Turtles Huntley Meadows Park Alexandria VA 1861" • Pedro Lozano - "Turtles" • bobistraveling - "Turtles on a Rock Huntley Meadows Park Alexandria VA 1818" • USFWS Endangered Species - "Threatened baby bog turtle (Clemmys muhlenbergii)" • Gonmi - "Turtle" • ozmafan - "turtle friend"

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