It was built in 1680 over an earlier Portuguese original, and defensive triangles were added in 1792 to produce the classic Vaubanesque star form.It was captured by the Dutch under Rijcklof van Goens in 1658 who expanded it.
In 1795, it was taken over by the British, and remained under the control of a British garrison till 1948. As the only large military fort in the country, due to the presence of only government and military buildings within its ramparts, it was garrisoned by a detachment of the Ceylon Army.
Jaffna fort is located by the south of Jaffna City, bounding to the Lagoon. The famous Jaffna Library, the Dore Appa Stadium are located close by. This fort covers the area of 22 acres and consider as the second largest fort in Sri Lanka. Jaffna fort was constructed with black corals, which can be easily find in Jaffna District.
Jaffna Fort is a fort built by the Portuguese at Jaffna, Sri Lanka in 1618 under hilip De Olivera following the Portuguese invasion of Jaffna. The fort is located near Karaiyur. Due to numerous miracles attributed to the statue of Virgin Mary in the church inside the fort, Jaffna Fort was named as Fortress of Our Lady of Miracles of Jafanapatão .
Situated on the south side of the Jaffna peninsula at the water’s edge of the lagoon, the ancient Jaffna Fort is the second largest existing fort in the Island. Originally built by the Portuguese in 1619 and re-built and expanded by the Dutch during the second half of the 17th and the 18th centuries to facilitate trading activities of Sri Lanka’s northern region indicate not only of Jaffna’s strategic importance to Europeans but its significance throughout Sri Lanka’s history.
It happy to see that the renovation is going on and soon Jaffna Fort will gain its past pride and the beauty.Overlooking the Jaffna lagoon, sections of this vast complex (once one of the greatest Dutch forts in Asia) have been recently restored, though it remains largely in ruins.
It was captured by the Dutch under Raiclop Van Goins in 1658 that expanded it. In 1795, it was taken over by the British, and remained under the control of a British garrison till 1948. As the only large military fort in the country, due to the presence of only government and military buildings within its ramparts, it was garrisoned by a detachment of the Ceylon Army.
The government’s contribution to the fort restoration is Rs 42.2 million while the Netherlands has granted Rs 62.2 million.
According to a spokesperson from the Ministry of Economic Development, the X-shaped Dutch Church, destroyed during the war, is nearing completion under the Jaffna Fort Restoration Project. Besides, the Queen’s House located within the fort – spread across four acres of land– too is under renovation.
Jaffna Fort was constructed by Portuguese in year 1619. As what happened to most of the other forts in Sri Lanka, this was captured by Dutch in 1658 and then came under British rule in 1795. During the Dutch ruling time, this fort went through major reconstructions and it was completed in year 1680. Due to this, today this fort is mention as a Dutch Fort. With getting freedom from British, Jaffna Fort became under Sri Lankan government rule in year 1948.
During the resent past, Jaffna fort was under terrorist control but captured by Sri Lankan forces in year 1995. This fort got badly damaged during the war time.
Jaffna Fort, the second biggest Dutch fort built in Sri Lanka is an archaeological monument that has had a direct onslaught as a result of the recent 30 year of armed conflict. Although a portion of its seaside rampart had been destroyed due to a continuous offensive from the LTTE the fort taken as a whole has not undergone a severe destruction.
The Jaffna fort since its origins to this day was not a locality where the people of Jaffna felt themselves free. From being a centre of colonial oppression it became a centre of Sinhala State oppression in the so-called post-colonial times.
Even though The Netherlands government, having the Dutch colonial heritage in mind, is helping to renovate the fort, the genocidal State in Sri Lanka has its own agenda, news sources in Jaffna said.