With NASA's creation in 1958, a manned mission into space was inevitable. The mission was named Project Mercury in October of that year, and over the course of the four years that followed, seven men were blasted off into orbit. The following is a video of all six launches to the soundtrack of David Bowie's 'Space Odyssey' (for no particular reason).
- "An automatic blood-pressure measuring system for use in flight."
- "Instruments for sensing the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the oxygen atmosphere of the cabin and suit, respectively."
The sub-purpose of this mission was to test man's capabilities in surviving in space, and in piloting a spacecraft. The mission was clearly a success, as it was confirmed that extended time in low gravity wasn't detrimental to the human body, so long as the proper precautions were taken. Furthermore, this was the mission which invented and normalized the use of "large, liquid-fueled rockets" to get into space, a method which has only been built and improved upon to this day.