Poaching A factor of extinction

Glossary

Brigade - A small amount of troops

Trafficking - Trading or dealing illegally

Sustainability - Ability to maintain at a certain level

Syndicates - A group of individuals trying to promote the same interest

Vegetation - Plants in a certain area or habitat

What is the purpose of Poaching?

Poaching is performed because of the value of the materials and the the medical treatment that is said to provide. According to SaveTheRhino, “Although rhino horn has no scientific medical benefits, consumers are using it to treat a wide range of conditions, from cancer to hangovers, and due to its high value it is now also used as a status symbol by wealthy individuals”. This explains that rhino horns serves no purpose in treating your health, and it’s sometimes used to show how wealthy an individual is. The Salem Press Encyclopedia states, “ Experienced middlemen separate the carcass into a series of valuable by-products. Almost the entire animal is used: Potions made of tiger bone are thought to promote longevity and cure rheumatism, the whiskers are believed to provide strength, and pills made from the eyes are believed to calm convulsions. An adult tiger can yield up to 23 kilograms (50 pounds) of bones, which will in turn sell for hundreds of dollars per pound; its pelt is worth tens of thousands of dollars. Despite the claims of traditional medicine, science shows most products made from rare and endangered species have no health benefits.” Those who poach for the value of the materials, sell most of the animal parts on the black market. Although, those who sell the product are taking advantage of the one’s who need it the most.

Who is performing these activities?

Poaching is done by a variety of people; ranging from locals who poach to survive; to those who poach for the value of the materials. According to Ramsey P.S, “People who poach to survive are a small minority; the rest are in it for profit. Experts liken the trade in illegal plants and animals to drug trafficking, with the profits rising dramatically each time the product changes hands. In India, a tiger carcass can bring between one hundred and three hundred dollars, an enormous sum in a region where the average wage is less than one dollar per day”. With the vast majority of people are poaching for profit, they’re taking away the necessities from the local that use them to survive, which could result in a harsher way of living. According to the African Wildlife Foundation, “ Vast majority of poaching is caused by organized crime syndicates that use high powered technology and weaponry to track and kill many animals at once without being detected”. This clearly explains that these crime syndicates are taking over these local communities and are taking their resources for value. If poaching keeps on continuing, it could have a drastic effect on the wildlife and the economy.

Provided by the World Wildlife Fund, this advertisement explains that they're poachers at the bottom; as you climb up to chain, there stands someone who's wealthy

What effect does poaching have on the wildlife?

Continuing to poach could gradually decrease the population in species and also affect ecosystems and the economy. According to the Anti-Poaching Foundation(IAPF), “ Additional to the drop of animal populations, poaching affects ecosystems. Natural ecosystems often develop a rather delicate balance between different types of fauna and their local habitat. Because of this, in terms of cause/effect the depletion of one species is analytically bound to the effects this has on other species”. This clearly shows that with an animal low on population, it’ll also affect other animals, because some species depend on one animal to do a specific task in the ecosystem. For an example, elephants are responsible for reducing the radius of vegetation in areas, and with this animal on the decline to extinction, vegetation will change and affect other animals along the food chain. Poaching also is the main factor to the animal’s population decline and their extinction “Just over a century ago there were over one million rhinoceros in Africa; now, poaching has directly led to the extinction of wild rhinoceros in Mozambique, most of western Africa, and many other regions across the continent. According to most reports, the number of wild rhino left in Africa hovers around 22-25,000 – that’s a reduction of around 97% over the last century.” according to the IAPF. This explains that poaching is responsible for reducing the rhino population and the radius of where they were inhabiting; it also shows that this specie is decreasing at a fast rate; going from a population of one million to only 22-25,000 remaining to this day. Continuing to poach would eventually cause animals to be extinct, and also would affect local communities and the economy.

Provided by SaveTheRhino, this graph shows the increase number of rhinos poached from 2007-2015 in South Africa.

How does poaching affect local communities and the economy?

Poaching not only affects the wildlife and ecosystem; it could also affect us and the economy. According to an On Earth article, “poachers killed over 30,000 elephants last year. Experts believe that elephants will go extinct within the next decade if the killing continues at this rate.The extinction of a species can have a negative economic effect on a local community’s tourism industry. A community that relies on its wildlife to attract tourists is at great risk for economic hardship if the prevalence of poaching is high.” This explains that the elephant’s population not only affects the wildlife, but the economy as well; there are various communities that depend on the tourism industry to gain profit for their community, but with the industry on the downfall, communities will lose profit. The Int. Anti-Poaching Foundation states, “Across much of southern Africa wildlife tourism plays a vital role in local and even national economies and a decline in wildlife numbers due to poaching has immediate flow on effects in terms of financial cutbacks, job losses, and overall economic sustainability.” With the tourism industry on the decline, due the animal crisis that’s currently present; people would lose their jobs and wages would be reduced, resulting in the economy in lost profit.

A Zambian poacher who's part of a crime syndicate, and has a large amount of tusks behind him

What is being done to help minimize and prevent further poaching?

As poaching causes conflict throughout the economy and environment, organizations and law enforcements are doing everything they can to help minimize and prevent further poaching. The World Wide Fund states, “Many countries also still lack strict national legislation and/or appropriate penalties for illegal wildlife trade. To address this challenge, World Wide Fund (WWF) helps countries comply with Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) regulations by supporting program development, workshops and the creation of regulations. We also assist enforcement efforts and fund anti-poaching brigades”. There are organizations, such as WWF, that are being involved in the poaching crisis and are promoting these regulations to become more stricter and also provide funding for brigades. In Kenya, “1,549 suspects were arrested and prosecuted in 2013 for environmental crimes... According to the same report arrests of poachers resulted in the recovery of 45 kilograms (99 pounds) of rhino horn, 10,106 kg (22,280 pounds) of bushmeat, and 23,145 kg (51,025 pounds) of ivory”, stated by KWS Annual Report 2013. In some countries, there are law enforcements that are more involved in the poaching crisis; resulting in high incarcerations, and large amounts of seized animal materials. There are also countries that lack enforcement and mainly depends on organizations like the World Wide Fund or CITES, for funding and assistance.

Law enforcements tracking and catching poachers

Work Cited

"Poaching Statistics." Poaching Statistics. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.

Frontier. "The World's Most Poached Animals." The Huffington Post. The Huffington Post, 10 May 2016. Web. 20 Feb. 2017

"Africa's Poaching Crisis – AWF." Africa's Poaching Crisis – AWF. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.

"Illegal Wildlife Trade." WWF. World Wildlife Fund, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

"Poaching : The Humane Society of the United States." RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.

"The Devastating Effects of Wildlife Poaching." One Green Planet. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2017.

Created By: Dillon Voravongsy English 11 Hour 4

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Created with images by Sponchia - "elephant animal mammal"

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