German Expressionism was an artistic period of time in Germany. it emerged in Germany after Germany's loss in the first world war. German had stopped importing foreign films after the first world war and therefore triggered a mass production of local films. These films showed hidden messages of the German government on it's people.
- Distorted Sceneries
- Sharp Angles/Zig Zag Delineations
- Fantasy Exaggerated Visuals
- Very Exaggerated
- Forced Control on Helpless People/Mind Control
Key German Expressionism Films;
- The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari - Directed By: Robert Wiene
- Nosferatu - Directed By: F. W. Murnau
- Metropolis - Fritz Lang
J-Horror engages first of all in the fear of women. And all the devils and evil spirits who appear are all female. J-Horror contain technology with a fear of it.
'Ringu' or the American remake 'The Ring' gives an excellent example of the fear of women since the antagonist is a little girl who crawls out of a television set and therefore showing the fear of technology.
Key J Horror Films:
- Ringu - Directed By: Hideo Nakata
- Ju-On: The Grudge - Directed By: Takashi Shimizu
- The Curse - Directed By: Kōji Shiraishi
Film noir was born into american cinematic history after the second world war. Lighting in Film Noir was crucial to distinguish shadows and silhouettes. The typical characters appearing in Film Noir was a male protagonist who was often very gullible and being under the influence of a woman named a ‘femme fatale’ which is French for ‘fatal woman’. Femme Fatales would often provoke the protagonist to do difficult and dangerous things for them.
The settings presented in Film Noir are often things like empty streets, deserted homes, police stations, casinos and often shit at night or in night time situations
Conventions of Film Noir
- Sharp Shadows
- The Femme Fatale
- A Gullible Male Character Under the Influence of the Femme Fatale
Femme Fatale - Which means 'fatal women' in French. The Femme Fatale is a dangerous woman who leads on a man who is an often gullible and leads him into dangerous situations.
Key Film Noir Films:
- Double Identity - Directed By: Billy Wilder
- The Maltese Falcon - Directed By: John Huston
- Out of the Past - Directed By: Jacques Tourneur
- The Big Sleep - Directed By: Howard Hawks
There is also a form of modern film noir called 'Neo-Noir' which include films like:
- Blade Runner
- Pulp Fiction
Keywords for Media
- Liet Motif - The soundtrack that backs up the antagonist or protagonist in scenes.
- Diegetic Sound - Is the sound from the real life situation in the movie.
- Non-Diegetic Sound - Are sounds that aren’t from the movie itself such as soundtracks, and narrations.
Structure of a Horror Movie
- Act 1 - Establish Characters in Time & Space
- Act 2 - Introducing the conflict
- Act 3 - Resolution - Resolve the problem
The Three Act Paradigm
- Act One - Establishing Time, Place (setting), and characters, Inciting Incident - when things become interesting/an event that sets the plot into motion, Plot Point - When the character escapes or get’s away or wants to.
- Act Two - Midpoint - When you think the antagonist will surely get them, Plot point - When the character once again wants to escape or get away. Trying to survive.
- Act Three - Climax - When everything is revealed, the death of the protagonist or the protagonist escaping or who the antagonist is.
Horror Movie Journal
Year 10 has just started but It's already a hell of a ride, especially in Media. But nonetheless it is an incredibly interesting subject and my favourite by far. The Horror Unit is the first we've taken on and it's been nothing but fascinating.
Although a few setbacks here and there my group and I have started filming and taken on some sleep deprived nights. Me being the cinematographer and the Assistant Director my job has quite a wide range and a lot of requirements to have the best final outcome.
As a cinematographer I am in charge of the camera shots, angles and the lighting of a set (i.e the angles the exposure and etcetera). I've gone along on one 'recce' (or recon mission) to scout out a possible/eventual shooting location, on a recce I am required to produce a shot list of what shot I want and at which angle. But of course this can all change. For example on many of the shots I had prepared for my shot list on the recce had changes on the filming day because I found that it was better at a different angle and had more benefits than the other. It is my job as a cinematographer to find the best possible shot that would benefit the movie. For the movie It can be a good idea o produce a storyboard to have a clear idea in front of you of how the movie with generally look, but some people (like me) prefer to let the ideas dance around in one's head and let the ideas come and go.