Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic religion found in the Eastern Mediterranean in second millennium B.C.E. Judaism is an Abrahamic religion, along with Christianity and Islam, this means that all three religions found Abraham as their first prophet. In Palestine 73 C.E the Roman Empire dispersed the small community of Jews after an insurrection against the Roman authority. Most Jews then decided to live in Diaspora, until the founding of Israel in 1984. The Jewish people do not believe in the prophets after the Jewish prophets, including Jesus and Muhammad.
The holy book of Judaism is the Torah which is the the law of God as revealed to Moses and recorded in the first five books of the Hebrew scriptures. The place of worship in Judaism is the Synagogue. The synagogue is where the Jewish people assembly or congregation meets for religious worship and instruction. The religious leader of this faith is the Rabbi. The Rabbi is the individual in religious congregations or synagogues that is the leader.
Today, there are three branches major kinds of Judaism: Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox. Each group has it's own practices according to how it understands the Jewish laws. Orthodox Jews is sometimes called traditional or Torah Judaism. Conservative is the "historical" Judaism. Reform is most commonly referred to liberal or progressive Judaism.
The Jewish holidays and celebrations consists of Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, and Passover. Yom Kippur is mostly celebrated in the Synagogue in prayer. Also Jews must refrain from going to work that day and Jews must fast, meaning that they cant eat or drink anything all day. The Day of Atonement is right after Yom Kippur. Yom Kippur is more of a day of rest while the Day of Atonement is for sins. The Passover is the Jewish spring festival that commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery, lasting seven or eight days from the 15th day of Nisan. The most familiar Jewish holiday Hanukkah. Hanukkah, also known as Chanukah, is the Jewish Festival Of Lights. Jewish People people start lighting candles, spinning dreidels and eating deep-fried foods.
Nicole Komendant and Matas Miloncius