The French Revolution By Devin Conlon

The French Revolution was caused by many factors, such as social inequality, enlightenment ideas as well as deregulation and hunger.

The first factor that led to the French Revolution was social equality, the population of France in the 1870s was about 26 million, of whom 21 million live in agriculture. Few of these owned enough land to support a family and most were forced to take on extra work as poorly paid laborers on larger farms. The fundamental issue of poverty was aggravated by social inequality as all peasants were required to pay taxes, from which, the nobility could claim immunity. The clergy, numbered about 100,000 and yet they owned about 10% of the land. Dislike of the nobility was especially intense.

The next issue was enlightenment ideas. A growing number of the French citizens had absorbed the ideas of "equality" and "freedom"of the individual" as presented by Voltaire, jean-Jacques Rousseau, Denis Diderot and other philosophers of the Age Of enlightenment. The American Revolution demonstrated that it was plausible for enlightenment ideas about how A government should be organized to actually be put into practice.

Now, to tackle the question, "was the French Revolution successful?" I believe that the French Revolution was both a success and a failure. Because it brought on the rise of napoleon and military dictatorship. But it also ended the monarchy of Louis XVI. It also had a loss of life resulting from people taking justice into their own hands. (reign of terror)

How the reign of terror influenced French society and the revolution. The reign of terror was a period of time (1794-1794) in which Loss of lives, destruction of property and wars with other nations. the first, is the loss of lives. The reign of terror led to massive loss of lives in France. It’s estimated that about 17,000 people were guillotined and this included high level persons like King Louis and his wife Antoinette, Robespierre, Danton, and other persons of high profile were put to death.

The second, destruction of property. Beside, there was destruction of property and infrastructure in France. This includes Hotel Deville and the Bastille prison which were destroyed by the mob. Several castles and mansions including property were attacked and destroyed by the revolutionaries.

Economic decline: There was general economic decline that arose from unstable political atmosphere. Inflation, unemployment, famine and starvation reached their highest levels during the reign terror. Many industries were also destroyed which affected the French economy.

The French Revolution impacted other countries in various ways. In Europe, the revolution led to a series of wars between various countries and the French. It also led to the rise of Napoleon and the empire he won, albeit briefly.

The French Revolution caused the US a great deal of trouble. First, it helped split the country between pro-British and pro-French factions. Second, it led to many problems in foreign policy. The French and British went to war, and the US was caught in between with both countries preying on US shipping to the other country. This eventually led to near-war with the French and finally to the War of 1812 with the British.

French liberation/occupation of almost all continental Europe provoked specially in Germany the birth of a national feeling, who gave later the unification of Italy, Germany, and after WW I Tchecoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Yougoslavia

Created By
Devin Conlon
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