Jim Crow By Louie Markopolos

The laws made during the Jim Crow era were unfair to the African American population because they made segregation legal. These laws politically had negative effects on African Americans.

Laws were passed to segregate schools in the U.S. in the Jim Crow era.17 states and D.C. were required to segregate schools, 4 states had a local option to segregate schools, 16 states banned segregated schools, and 11 states had no specific laws legalizing or banning segregation. The segregated schools that colored people went to weren't as good as white schools and went over capacity. Colored people that worked in schools were paid less than white ones in many states. The segregation laws were unfair because they legalized all these unfair things that happened to schools that the African Americans went to and worked in. Reform schools were also segregated. There were different reform schools for whites and African Americans. These laws legalized segregation of schools, and negatively effected African Americans.

Jim Crow Textbook.pdf

Laws were passed to segregate hospitals in the Jim Crow era. Blind wards had a building for whites and a building for African Americans. This law was passed in the state of Louisiana. Mental hospitals were segregated in Georgia. White patients and African American patients weren't allowed to be together. These laws legalized segregation of hospitals, and had a negative effect on African Americans politically.

Jim Crow Textbook.pdf Evidence

Many other laws were passed to segregate whites and African Americans. Restrooms were segregated in six states. There were different restrooms for whites and African Americans. In six states white and African American prisoners couldn't be chained together. Recreational facilities and public spaces were segregated in 8 states. Whites and African Americans couldn't go to the same one. Waiting rooms were segregated in 10 states. May other laws were passed to segregate whites and African Americans. These laws made segregation legal in these cases, and politically effected African Americans in negative ways.

Jim Crow Textbook.pdf

Unemployed African Americans and African American workers were victims of job discrimination during the Jim Crow era. Unemployment also hit minority groups the hardest. African Americans are a part of the minority groups. These all economically effected African Americans in negative ways.

During the Jim Crow era, 80.8% of Job discrimination was because of race. Of that, 96.7 % of those were African Americans. This shows that African Americans were economically victims of job discrimination. Jim Crow Textbook.pdf Evidence

African Americans that worked for schools earned less than whites that worked for schools in many states. The higher salaries are because most schools that African Americans go to are in areas where all salaries are higher. This shows that by being paid less, African Americans were economically victims of job discrimination.

Jim Crow Textbook.pdf

Unemployment hit minority groups the hardest. African Americans are a part of those minority groups. Many more African Americans were unemployed than whites before and after WWII during Jim Crow. This shows that unemployment economically hit African Americans during Jim Crow. Jim Crow Textbook.pdf

African Americans during Jim Crow were discriminated by whites in endless ways. Whites didn't allow African Americans to live in the same neighborhoods as them, go to the same schools, eat in the same restaurants, etc. These places also weren't as good. Whites also called African Americans mean names and pointed guns at them. These things all socially effected African Americans in negative ways.

If an African American decided he wants to stay the night at D.C., he wouldn't be able to eat in a restaurant downtown, watch a play or film downtown, or sleep in a hotel downtown. If an African American wanted to live in D.C. he would have to live in an overcrowded and segregated neighborhood and 40% of the houses are substandard/bad. Kids would have to go to segregated schools that aren't as good as white schools. School would be 8% over capacity. Healthcare wouldn't be as good as white healthcare. This shows that African Americans were discriminated socially by being segregated and those segregated places were in bad condition compared to the white places. Jim Crow Textbook.pdf

A sign was put up saying "we want white tenants in our white community" to exclude African Americans. Water fountains and theaters were segregated, there were different theaters for African Americans and whites.This shows that whites segregated and excluded African Americans. This was the social life of America in Jim Crow. Jim Crow Textbook.pdf

Whites called African Americans the N-word and referred to African Americans as D*rkies. Whites also pointed guns at African Americans if they thought African Americans did something wrong. This shows that Whites socially treated African Americans badly during Jim Crow. Jim Crow Textbook.pdf

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