Samurai Project By daniel kong p2

The Rise of a Military Society
Japan wasn't originally a military society. Minamoto Yoritomo rose to power in Japan In 1185. He set up a military government, which changed Japan dramatically. The way Japan ran totally changed. Japan cared more for their armies and their land more than their people. Japanese people did not like the change that Minamoto yoritomo added.

There were also ranks in society. The shogun was a commander-in-chief that had the real power. Daimyos helped the shoguns rule. Daimyos had huge numbers of samurai and got rewarded by the shoguns for their obedience and loyalty. All samurai soldiers trained in the arts of war and mastered archery. Both genders were trained to harden their feelings and to use weapons skillfully.

Samurai Armor, Weapons, and Fighting

Samurai had heavy armor. Their armor might look light, but don't let looks deceive you. It is actually very heavy. They wore something called a kimono and bag trousers underneath all the armor. The good thing about the heavy armor is, it was very strong and flexible so it helped the samurai move swiftly. Samurai also had to put on a ferocious-looking iron mask to try frighten the enemy.

Samurai were first taught how to use the bow. After they mastered the bow, they were taught how to use the bow. Later on, swordsmanship became more important and useful than archery. Samurai were taught mental and physical techniques. Samurai had many things to learn. They had to learn how to force an enemy to make the first move, stay out of range of the enemy's weapon, and how to fight against several opponents at once.

Samurai training and the warrior Code (Bushido and other values)

Someone became a Samurai by training in many different strengths. Not anyone could just be a samurai. They had military training, mental training, self-control training, training in preparedness, training in writing and literature, training for the tea ceremony, and training in spiritual strength. Bushido is the samurai code. Bushido is also known as "The Way of the Warrior." Samurai also live by loyalty and personal honor. If they did something dishonorable, they would do a ritual suicide. it was called seppuku. Seppuku was a big deal. They had a ceremony just for it. Guests were invited, and the samurai prepared the suicide by taking a bath, undoing his long hair, and putting white clothes used for dressing a corpse.

Training in Writing, Literature, and Tea ceremony

Samurai practiced calligraphy, which is the art of beautiful writing. The main tool for calligraphy was a brush, a block of ink, and paper or silk. There were a lot of steps. You had the wet the ink block and had to rub it on an ink stone until the ink was the right consistency. Then, the calligrapher carefully drew each character with his brush. Poetry was also very important for a samurai. A famous samurai poet, Matsumoto Basho, created a new form of short poetry that was called haiku. A haiku has three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, making a total of 17 syllables. Each step of the tea ceremony had to be performed a certain way. A tea master first invited all the guests into a small room. They entered through a doorway that was so short and low that many had to crawl. The only decorations in a tearoom were a school painting or an artistic flower arrangement. After the master served the tea, the guests engaged in sophisticated discussions.

Spiritual training

During the 12th century, a monk named Honen founded a new religion. It was called Amida Buddhism. These Buddhists believed that all people could reach paradise one day. Honen taught all of his believers and followers that they could reach paradise by relying on the mercy of Amida Buddha. Zen Buddhism is another form of Buddhism. Zen Buddhism appealed to many samurai because of its emphasis on effort and discipline. Zen stressed self-reliance and achieving enlightenment through meditation. According to this religion, becoming enlightened required giving up everyday, logical thinking.

Women in Samurai Society

During the 12th century, the women of the warrior class enjoyed honor and respect, but things changed in a bit. By the 17th century, samurai women were treated as inferior to their husbands. During the 12th century, samurai women had an enjoyable life. They were respected and brave. By the 17th century, much had changed. Girls couldn't even choose who they would marry. The families chose instead depending on their position and wealth.

Credits:

Created with images by Neeta Lind - "Samurai" • Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Japan Grunge Flag" • skeeze - "sound barrier navy jet supersonic" • Neeta Lind - "Samurai" • Friande Art - "Bushido II" • PublicDomainPictures - "buddha religion kamakura"

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