- Japan had always adopted isolationism. Ming dynasty become isolationists after 15th century leading to the downfall.
- They did not want their culture to be influenced or changed by the traders or Christian missionaries that were arriving on their land.
- Japan allowed Chinese agents restricted trading privileges.
- The people were strongly governed
- Japan had divided social classes - China was divided through North & South.
- Both wanted to protect their power and culture.
- Both practiced Mandate of Heaven.
- China was religiously and socially diverse + Japan was run by strict social classes.
- Although they both practiced Mandate of Heaven - Japan interpreted it differently.
- Japanese government severely controlled merchants.
- Tokugawa did not support Christianity - while the Ming dynasty had many religions flourish during this time.
- Ming dynasty supported foreign trade.
- Japan is run by imperialism + China is run by scholar mandarins
- China had challenges of peasant rebellions and Japan had to maintain peace between their people.
- Chinese emperors can be overthrown - Japanese emperors typically are not.
Founder of Tokugawa Shogunate
I would have rather been apart of the Japanese culture. They worked hard to protect their culture and their image. They were careful with trade and only allowed certain (China + Dutch) merchants to enter their land. Although it was run by a very strict Hierarchy - it wasn't eventually run into the ground like the Ming dynasty. The Tokugawa of Japan left a legacy behind - but the Ming dynasty was taken over by rebellions and had a brutal downfall.