Haiti By: Arianna Bastys & Ashley Miller

1) External Intervention (Score: 9.9)

"For the first time since a cholera epidemic believed to be imported by United Nations peacekeepers began killing thousands of Haitians nearly six years ago, the office of Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has acknowledged that the United Nations played a role in the initial outbreak and that a “significant new set of U.N. actions” will be needed to respond to the crisis" (Human Rights Watch).

2) Factionalized Elites (Score 9.6)

"The lack of a legislature and protracted political stalemates over elections hindered the Haitian government’s ability to meet the basic needs of its people, resolve longstanding human rights problems, or address continuing humanitarian crises" (U.S. Department of State Human Rights).

"Approximately a quarter of registered voters participated and some electoral monitors and watchdogs raised concerns about voter fraud and transparency at voting centers and at the tabulation center where votes were counted" (U.S. Department of State Human Rights).

3) Uneven Economic Development (Score 9.5)

"The overall incidence of poverty in the country is 77 per cent. But in rural areas, which are home to 52 per cent of Haiti's population, 88 per cent of people are poor and 67 per cent are extremely poor. Rural people have a per capita income that is about one third of the income of people living in urban areas" (CQ Researcher).

4) State Legitimacy (Score 9.4)

"The country’s dysfunctional civil registry system yielded no reliable estimates on the number of stateless persons within the country. Haitians abroad reported complex bureaucratic procedures and high fees when obtaining government documentation such as birth certificates. Many of these individuals were effectively stateless in their country of residence" (U.S. Department of State Human Rights).

"Allegations of high-level executive intimidation of judicial officials and corruption were frequent. MINUSTAH and international and local NGOs repeatedly criticized the government for attempting to influence judicial officials. Judges assigned to politically sensitive cases complained about interference from the executive branch" (U.S. Department of State Human Rights).

5) Public Services (Score: 9.4)

"Constitutional provisions require the government to provide free and compulsory primary education for all children; however, neither primary nor secondary education was compulsory, free, or universal. The government continued to implement the government’s free national education program, which provided primary education for the children of poor families without taking children’s previous student status into consideration" (Human Rights Watch).

"The quality of education in Haiti is generally low, and 90 percent of schools are run by private entities. Human Rights Watch found in 2014 that even some newly constructed schools lack adequate water and sanitation facilities. The minister of education said in September that the national education budget needed to at least double if his reform efforts were to survive. - public services" (U.S. State Department of Human Rights).

"There were no reported cases of government-sponsored censorship. Human rights advocates claimed that certain government officials used public security ordinances to limit radio commentary criticizing the executive branch" (Human Rights Watch).

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