Human Trafficking A silent crime that has been on the rise for the last decade.

How can we reduce sex trafficking all together without adding stricter laws around the sex industry?

The oldest profession can easily go to prostitution, however, the government has put educed laws against the sex industry. This has lead to the rise of sex trafficking, sex trafficking is usually unpaid forced sex against their will. The Polaris Project has found that, "Of all the trafficking reports, sex trafficking contributes to roughly 75% of all trafficking". Many victims of sex trafficking are forced into the profession while being unpaid. Unlike some prostitutes who are able to earn an income as they willingly do. Julie Orme and Fariyal Ross-Sherif have reported in their thesis, "there are many different ways to decrease the rate of prostitution however a step by step plan has been brought up to the table by many government officials, the three P’s step, prosecution of traffickers, prevention programming, protection of trafficking victims". These steps have been very effective for cracking down trafficking ring leaders. By implementing this action plan world wide we will be able to see trafficking statistics go down, this action plan can also be used for other forms of trafficking like labor and debt trafficking. Sex trafficking has been picking up very quickly within the last couple of years, as some major hubs are in the United States. It has become an silent crime, we know about the crime but we choose not to talk about human trafficking.

Are these numbers just a fraction of the current human trafficking epidemic?

Sex trafficking happens everyday, but we are blind to see the harsh realities of what victims call normal. Many victims go silent, while their mental health could deteriorate, and some are sadly faced with death. Katie Hall a reporter for MyStatesman has reported that, “There are more than 313,000 victims of trafficking in the state of Texas”. While there is not one specific type of person traffickers are looking for, many prey on young adults who already face some sort of abuse in their home lives. In the Polaris Project their research suggests that, “20,673 victims were females in 2015 let alone and a third of that number includes minors”. This number is rapidly growing every year and has been a well kept secret for traffickers, due to the secrecy between client, victim, and trafficker. Miller Miller has stated that, “The United States, Mexico, and the Philippines are the biggest countries where sex trafficking is a major problem”. Some are even immigrants that are promised a better life in the United States but are tricked into trafficking. Trafficking has been going on for years and will continue if it follows the rising trends.

How does the world wide web help spread and reduce sex trafficking?

The sex industry is a growing business as it recently had its biggest economic growth in ten years. The Lima News has said that, "Websites such as Backpage help support the six million dollar marketing to provide trafficking on their online advertising site". As the internet is the central hub of life, anyone can ask, sell, and offer trafficked people. Websites can only filter certain words that can lead to explicit content. Traffickers will use loopholes to make advertisements sound innocent using code words for services like “massages” and “dating”, when in reality they will pay for illegal trafficking. As the internet is the central hub of life, anyone can ask, sell, and offer trafficked people. The internet has also helped also help the fight against trafficking with online anonymous support and quick hotlines. While the Polaris Project found in their 2015 report that the National Human Trafficking Resource Center received 1,535 webforms, and 1,275 emails. The internet is a nursery for increasing and decrease the growing epidemic.

How are minors being taken advantage with the trafficking industry?

Minors are easy target to as they are easier targets. Traffickers take these kids as young as 13 and hold them captive to sell them for sex. Pimp’s will promise these children a better life than the ones they have right now. Katie Hall reported for MyStatesman news that "Children and young adults who are either homeless or in an the foster care system are at an higher risk to become a victim of sex trafficking". The young adults who are stuck in the foster care system and are homeless could have been victims of sexual assault. They will fall into the same path they were trying to move away from. Many impoverished countries have high human trafficking numbers. As stated by Kamani Padayachee, “ KwaZulu-Natal, a province in Africa has become a easy target for trafficking adults and children. That there is no legislation prohibiting sex trafficking, however there is one for children.” KwaZulu-Natal is a province in south africa that has some of the highest rates of human trafficking in the world. By introducing a legislation bill to try and reduce these numbers they will help these children move away from a dangerous life. If more young adults do benefit from this bill they will continue their education and better their lives. As young adults are large targets to pimps because of their vulnerability, many resources are trying to help and prevent pimp’s from luring children into the sex industry.

How can the government help victims of human trafficking?

Human trafficking is one of the biggest growing crimes around the world. In the united states there are only a few laws stating the consequences about trafficking. However when a victim is able to break away from their trafficker how can the government add preventive steps for a victim not to fall back into the same path? As stated by Julie Orme and Fariyal Ross-Sherif, “Many victims have post traumatic stress disorder and develop ‘trauma bond’”. Trauma bond is the want to go back to something that caused a traumatic event in their life. Victims could feel the want to go back as their pimp could have created a daily routine in their lives and gave them a home. Victims could feel unwanted or that their life does not matter, they will go back to their pimp for the feeling of being wanted. The government can help these victims by providing preventative measures to help victims gain a sense of direction in the right path to a better life. Hall also said that in the state of Texas, the government has provided housing, counseling, and medical care for victims of human trafficking. After ten years of helping many victims their plan has shown a decline in victims going back to their traffickers. Other states have begun to adopt the plan, many states do not have any type of plan. Many nonprofit organizations have been implanting these plans but struggle to continue their business because the government does not help them. If the government helps these organizations by adopting their plans to stop trafficking they will see a steady decrease in trafficking numbers.

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