Trench Warfare Survival Guide By Madelyn Kohr

Entrenching Tool

Малая пехотная лопата 1917 года ф4 by Andshel is licensed by the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

The entrenching tool came in handy for soldiers because without them, soldiers would not be able to dig trenches as efficiently. Trenches were a necessity for World War One, since many of the soldiers took cover in trenches. The war was at a stalemate, because there was no good way to infiltrate the enemy's trenches ("Apocalypse")

Rifle

M7 grenade launcher with 22 mm grenade fitted on the end of an M1 Garand rifle by unknown author is licensed under the public domain

A rifle will help you in the trenches so that you can shoot at your enemies if they get too close. Without a rifle, you would have no way to defend yourself. Rifles could also be used to kill rats that infested the trenches ("Apocalypse").

Gas Mask

Cecil Beaton Photographs- General by Cecil Beaton is licensed under the public domain

Gas masks were very important during WWI because of all of the poisonous gasses being used by enemies. They used gasses such as chlorine, and the only way to not inhale these gasses were through gas masks. If a soldier inhaled chlorine or another gas, they would most likely die ("Apocalypse").

Steel Helmet

Belgian Mk.II Steel Helmet by RenseNBM is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Before the steel helmet, the British army, and many others, used soft cloth caps. These caps had no protection against artillery, machine gun, and rifle fire. In trenches, a soldiers most vulnerable area was his head. With the invention of the steel helmet, their heads were protected against dangerous weapons used by the enemy ("10").

Mosquito Net

Mosquito Net to be Worn as a Veil by Welcome Images is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

The mosquito net was originally given to soldiers in the British army because of the mosquitos and the dangerous diseases they carried. Malaria was one of the main diseases caused by mosquitos, and killed many soldiers fighting in Gallipoli, East Africa and the Middle East. These regions also had the most non-battle casualties ("10").

Works Cited

Apocalypse WWI: Episode 3. Apocalypse: World War I. CC&C, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

"10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches." Imperial War Museums, www.iwm.org.uk/history/10-things-that-could-have-saved-your-life-in-the-trenches. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by Archives New Zealand - "NZ Prime Minister William Massey addressing New Zealand machine gunners at Bois-De-Warnimont, France, June 1918"

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