Geography and Cities
The geography in Greece consisted of mountains, seas, and and tons of islands. Greece is a peninsula because the whole country is surrounded by the oceans. People settled in Greece because the fishers were able to catch lots of fish the sailing was great and the Greeks became traders. They could not grow crops well, though they raised sheep and goats. This caused people to want to live there.One of the early city"ish" places was the island of Crete. Crete was an island that the Minoans lived on. It was an island, so they had lots of ships and made their money from trading. Their location is important because they could fish a lot and could travel and trade on ships.
The Greeks were the first people to have citizenship. Only free men born in Greece who owned land were able to be citizens. Some of the city-states got rid of the law about owning land. Women and children were able to be citizens, but they had no rights like the men did. The rights that citizens had were to vote, own land, defend themselves in court, hold office and choose their officials and pass laws. The Greeks were unlike other ancient civilizations because they let their people have citizenship, whereas other civilizations did not.
The Greeks had many different types of art. One of them was architecture. Greeks built temples for the gods and goddesses. The temples were an art that took a long time to build, but in the end they turn out amazing. The temples had beautiful pillars. There were three types of these pillars- Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. Doric were more of a plain basic pillar, Ionic pillars had scrolls at top and bottom, and Corinthian had patterns, leaves and other designs. They also made pottery and painted on them. The pottery usually has pictures from greek myths. The Greeks often made statues of humans and gods. Theater was another form of art in the world of Greece. People would write comedic playwrights and preform the plays.The Hellenistic era spread greek ideas worldwide, but mostly in southwest Asia. If you look around in cities, you see greek art everywhere. In Chicago there are the pillars that are at the field museum. Over one of the bridges there is a statue of Ceres (the roman goddess for Demeter, the romans took ideas from the greeks).
The Greeks had many different forms of a government. They had a Direct democracy, which is a form where the people decide with voting. A Representative democracy is when the people in power do the voting. A Tyranny is when someone cruel is ruling. An Oligarchy is when a small group of people are in control. The advantages of a Direct democracy are everyone gets a say in the vote, but the disadvantages are not everyone is happy with the outcome. A representative government has the advantages where the people in power vote what they think is the best choice, the disadvantages were the citizens don't get to say what they think and not everyone is happy. A Tyranny is a quick and easy decision made by one person, but almost no one was happy. An Oligarchy was a decision with a few people making the decisions and it was faster, but the people don't have a say in the vote. Today in America we have a Direct Democracy where all the citizens get to vote on things. I think that the best form of government is a Direct democracy because at least everyone gets to say what they think, even if it does not end up the way they want.
The Greeks believed in many gods. The main ones were: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Athena, Hermes, Apollo, Artemis, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Ares, Hestia, Demeter, Hera, and Dionysus. The Greeks made up many myths about their gods and heroes. Greeks would build temples dedicated to the gods (one of the most famous ones was the Parthenon). There in the temples they would sacrifice and offer things to the gods. They would pray to them and ask for guidance. Poseidon is the god of the sea. He controls and rules the waters. He protects the ocean, sea life, and his children. Artemis was the goddess of hunt, the moon, and childbirth. She brings the moon around the world every night she helped women give birth and protected animals and hunted animals.
The Greek alphabet is similar yet different to English. It has some of the same shaped letters as us, but otherwise it is mostly different.
My name is Adelaide. I am in third period social studies. = Το όνομά μου είναι Αδελαΐδα. Είμαι σε κοινωνικές μελέτες τρίτη περίοδο.