Is Canada the greatest country to live in?

Introduction

Is Canada the greatest country to live in? Is a question that I won't hesitate to answer yes to, with its multiculturalism, high standard of living and it's beautiful landscapes, it's hard to turn down the fact of living here. I'll be exploring more concepts of why I think Canada is the greatest country to live in.

Changing Population

Immigrations

The Canadian Immigration system strike as odd to me on how much it resemblance a question game, you are ask questions about yourself and as in return you are rewarded points, it then analyses and collect profound information about you in towards how you can contribute to Canada's economy. Unlike many other countries our immigration system is build upon an immigrant being qualify in today’s working society, let me put that in perspective, an immigrant need to be capable in devoting their time to contribute to Canada's economy. For instance a business immigrant need at least 35 points or more, if under any circumstances you do not passed, you are not able to come here as a business immigrant. Based on the foundation and purpose of the Canadian immigration system it lures in a crowd of people from diverse background and cultures. Is not a surprise when in return for coming to Canada you are granted with a life of opportunities. As of today, Canada’s been welcoming to more than 250,000 immigrants every year. ⅓ of them comes from China, India and the Philippines seeking from economic gains to education to one of the most advance health care in today’s society. Canada has categorized their types of immigrants into groups. It ranges widely from Family immigrants to economic immigrants and others.To meet Canada expectation you must fit in one of the four types of immigrants class: Economic immigrants ( Skilled worker or businessmen), second are Family immigrants, who are sponsored by close family members that already have a Canadian Citizenship, Refugees,ones who fled because they fear persecution and are privately sponsored and that Canada felt obligated to welcomed them for humanitarian efforts and compassionate reasons, and may consist of other type of immigrants. Of these immigrants, 63% are economic immigrants, 23% are family newcomers, 11% are refugees and 3% are others. It is quite clear, that a huge percentage of working members of society are anticipated, due to Canada’s being vastly known for its outstanding economy that is build upon by the people, these citizen are what makes Canada today. With it’s many pull factors extending from education, healthcare, job opportunities, rights, freedom of speech, there’s no doubt in my mind that people want to come here for its immense opportunities, but in a place like Canada there would hardly be any room for push factors, but there are still room for some. It can ranges from the Weather conditions, housing expenses, or even lack of jobs.Unlike many other countries we are cautious of who comes and goes in our country, is what makes us feel intact. Canada is figuratively a house. Not knowing who comes in one’s home, it’s sends danger signals to oneself. So in having an immigration system that is build upon citizen safety, it’s acknowledge for its diversity and is determined to advancing the economy, is a country that I think highly of with respect and honour.

First Nation people

In high regards of the First Nation people, I have great respects for them. As I unravel the history behind our past, it is despicable to think that our relationship with the First Nation is anything close to admirable. Adapting to a new living lifestyle is a challenge that the europeans had faced, and given by the fact that the First Nation people was more than generous in helping them with a condition of having a trade between the two, and was gladly agree, this led to an outcomes of competition and wars for over a century. By then, Canada was a renowned country to the Europeans, as more arrived, the more they outnumbers the First Nations people and the more diseases and sickness had occurred to the First Nation. It was a crisis between the two when the British Administration decided to take a turn in towards their relationship. In trying to improve the First Nation people they wrongfully put them through farming and Christianity and putting their children through residential school. Trying to assimilate them into mainstream Canadian society. Since these children were enforce through residential and was abused into being civilized and being apart of Canadian society, there is a higher chance of suicidal demeanour throughout adulthood. To this day First Nations communities have a much higher suicide rate than contrast to the Canadian population overall. It is said that it is about six to eleven times higher than the Canadian average. The outcome is that it led to one of the highest suicide rates in the world, and it continues to rise, especially among First Nation youth. The factors that may cause these sudden deaths may be oppression towards their cultures, and social stressors.They had endured such pain in the past, that had led to my thinking if Canada is really a best place to live ? If that had happen in the past, what makes us so sure that it won’t be done to other cultural groups in today’s society. For this reason Canada been look down upon by the people.

Demography

As of today, with approximately 35 millions people, we have managed to maintain a slowly growing population. In many ways that is a good thing, when it comes to overpopulation or the lack of opportunities, it is nowhere near our worries. The fertility rate in Canada is only 1.68 children per female, since in today’s society people are choosing to having less kids, evidently in the past the baby boomers caused us to having more than one kid, in fact back in the days the average fertility rate was 3 kids per female and now since the fertility rate had dropped the majority of Canada’s population growth is due to immigration. Immigrants today are covering 20.6% of Canada’s population, having an outcome of diversity. Since our birth rate is 11 infants per 1,000 people and our death rate is 7 deaths per 1000, our natural increase is 1.2% every year. With a population that is growing nevertheless at an efficient rate, and having an alternative solution to building a country when in fact our birth rate and death rates are the cause of our population deficiency and by welcoming more immigrants, not only does that support our population, economy, it make us form into a diverse country.

Interaction in the physical environment

Quite often than not, the world views Canada through images of its natural landscape, wild forests, expansive plains and majestic mountains. It’s quite beautiful how Canada came to be, and that’s what makes Canada so unique and beautiful, is something that captivates your eyes like you never seen before.Our wide range of landforms is what makes Canada's physical landscape irresistibly attractive. Making up 7 different type of landforms region across Canada.

The Innuitian Mountains

Consist of a range of mountains situated in the East side of Nunavut, it was developed during the Mesozoic era when the North American Plate carried itself north, to this day it makes up three types of rocks, igneous, metamorphic and mostly sedimentary, due to its cold and harsh weather, no vegetation occurred cause by the nearby location of the north Arctic tree line.

Appalachians Mountains

The Appalachians Mountains are split into 3 section: Northern, Central and Southern. It stretch from parts of Canada to the United States. The Northern part would be our main focused due to it being apart of Canada. It is situated in eastern part of Quebec, New Brunswick and Newfoundland. Consist of all types of rocks, igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Glaciation had happened in the past in which it cause angular and roughness to its features.

Hudson bay- Arctic Lowland

-Located between the Canadian shield stretching towards James Bay, given on where it is located, it is mostly cold and damp. Mostly consist of Sedimentary rocks.

Western Cordillera

Situated along the Yukon Territory to Western Alberta, consist of only igneous and metamorphic and was created by the movement of tectonic plates, the Pacific plate crashed in the Northern American plate colliding into each others forming what we called today Western Cordillera.

Great lakes- St. lawrence Lowlands

The greatly known Great lakes is home to 50% of Canada’s population.It is considered the smallest region of Canada and it’s located South of the Canadian Shield in Ontario and quebec, glaciers occurred in the past and stash a huge amount of soil, sand, gravel, creating an illustration of flat plains with some considerable hills, ideally good for agricultures production.

Interior Plain

Known for its ideal place for agricultures industry. Situated across Alberta and Saskatchewan. It is consider flat that is made of fertile soil, covering most of the Northern parts are coniferous trees that extends all the way through the rocky Mountains to Newfoundland.

Canadian Shield

The regions covers more than half of Canada, consist of flat hills that is made up of mostly metamorphic rocks, In the north it consist of tundra and in the south boreal forest.

Vegetation

Canada has 8 types of vegetation: Tundra, Boreal and Taiga Forest, Mixed Forest, Deciduous Forest, Grasslands, Cordilleran vegetation and the West Coast Forest. All having an intact connection with our climate and ecosystem. With Canada diverse type of vegetation, there be various types of biodiversity, ranging from species diversity, genetic biodiversity, and ecosystem biodiversity. The impact that vegetation have on Climates is what makes Canada weather today. It has tremendous influence on our sun, take Hudson Bay lowlands for example, it’s known for its damp lands, the reason on why that is, it’s called the convection precipitation , when in having over drained soil, the sun uses its heat energy bouncing off the land making it evaporates to condense cloud, till it reaches it’s capacity potentials it then rains, making the land known for its damp lands.

Climate

The climate of Canada, it’s based on 6 factors, it is known as the L-O-W-E-R-N

Latitude - A factors that affect you based on how far you are to the equator where most sunlight hit. A place like Canada we are up north, making our overall temperature colder and harsh.

Ocean Currents - A factors that affect on how and where the movement of water is coming from, either warming up the air above it or having cool air above it.

Wind- Winds play an important role in our climate, having cold or warm airs in are of Canada.

Elevation- A factors that affect in places that have the height above sea level, for instance, a mountain, the higher you go up the mountain, the harder it is to hold onto heat.

Relief- A factor that affects mountains area most of the time, mountains usually act upon a barrier to wind, having moist air on one side of the mountain ( Windward) traveling up the mountains forming into condensed clouds, and precipitation occurred, as the moist air mountains travels to the other side of the mountain, no precipitation occurred leading to drier climate.

Nearness in water- When being situated near waters, the climate is more mild, due to lakes/ oceans don’t change their state of matter but stay warmer. In the summer the water doesn’t become boiling hot, but stay cool having an outcome of having cools airs above us.

Managing Canada’s resources and industries

Canada is prominent when it comes to having resources, resources that build the foundation of our lives, resources that are built upon making a profit, creating jobs and advancing the economy. These resources ranges from our fresh water, minerals, lands and energy. In having these resources we are able to turn them into industries that is known as agriculture, forestry, mining, and fishing industries. To obtain a balance life with it being access and used. Due to how Canada had show a sustainability side towards maintaining their industries, the environment and the future economy, I’m happy to informed you that this is one of the many reason why i think Canada is one of the best place to live.

Agriculture - Agriculture is essential in today’s world, making momentous efforts to our economy, the communities and the environment. Soil, water and chemicals use are vital to today’s agriculture production that has significant side effects to the people’s health and environment. Over the years, many of us are becoming more aware and committed towards making agriculture more sustainable. Canadian agriculture industry are taking initiative by numerous actions . Issues that may occurred are soil being left exposed by various cropping practices and are vulnerable to erosion, massive lands are being used once or twice and left abandoned, chemicals used are added to improve crop production, but are not a consistent practice and due to that it reduces the quality of soil, water and affect biodiversity, reconstruction of natural land for agriculture purposes causes the reduction of wildlife and habitats . Now in knowing that Canada is very much aware of its flaw when it comes to food production, it can’t fix the the past, but it can prevent it from happening in the future. Canada is now using methods that is more sustainable extending from crop rotation practices to reusing the land that already is left abandoned to making urban cities into a farming facilities and by lessening the use of pesticides. These efforts are acknowledged and appreciated by society. Having a country that is open to changes is a remarkable thing.

Forestry- The Canadian Forestry industry should be proud of its name when it comes to having recognition for it environmental efforts, not only is it providing the need of humans but has exceed the expectation of sustainability. Of every trees that’s been cut down, Canada’s is able to retain 90% of its original forest, in having about 347 million hectares of land, we had managed to cut down only 0.03 % of it. By reinforcing strict laws to how the industry is being operated, it shows us how Canada is capable of managing such a vital part to the world’s environment.

Mining- Mining is an energy intensive business that need heavy supervision due to how much it affects the earth’s climate, and the lives of people, therefore when it comes to constructing a mining industry it needs excessive planning for management. But in how Canada’s doing, it’s not doing very well, when it comes to human safety Canada’s lack the essential to keeping the workers safe. Approximately 375,000 people all across Canada are in the mining industries, hundreds and thousand of chemicals are exposed to the human body when in fact not wearing the proper uniform or not instructed useful rules or regulations when working in the mining industry. In the year 1881 to 1969 three explosion had occurred that had led to the death of 424 people. Clearly, more safety rules need to be enforce and more sustainable practice needs to come in actions. The environment is at a risk when mining is around, it is exposed to contaminants and radioactive items nearby grounds and waters, it is a risk factor to all kind of living beings. Based on the information I collected, Canada really needs to make some adjustment to how it’s being managed and how it is affecting our earth.

Fishing- While it does provide to the 80,000 people working in the business, and its is accounted for 75% of Canada exports, it is vastly known for its unsustainable pratice. High demands of fish over the years had led the industry towards overfishing their fish to the point where reproduction it almost nearly impossible, For example, in Newfoundland, Canada, overexploitation of cod had 40,000 people lose their job. This sudden removal of their most economical drive was a big shock.It is not just prey that are being affected but also predators.Predators that are affected are Sharks, Seabirds Other Marine animals. They are often caught by by-catch, killed, threatened by industrial companies, and, again, overexploitation. The lack of planning or management of this industry needs to be address and handle, more rules, sustainable methods and regulation needs to take place for it to be recognized as one of the most sustainable industry.

Livable Communities

Some of the greatest things about Canada it’s how we have a way to building the foundation and improving the quality of life in the lives of people. Canada had shown that all over the province which features some of the greatest cities to live in.

Edmonton, Alberta- Statistics had shown that Edmonton is densely populated with European nationality, ranging from English, German, Scottish, Irish, Ukrainian to French. It has been said by the 2012 municipal census that it has high recognition due to good employment opportunities and the quality of life that attract immigrants to Edmonton. Ranking 4th in the highest GDP of all Canadian cities seeing that 96% of the oil reserves are located here in the home of Edmonton, and its main focus are in the petrochemical industries, due to its hand demands. The city also attracts people who are highly interested in technology and biotech.

Ottawa, Ontario - Known as Canada’s capital cities with many significant and beautiful historic sites, with lot’s of opportunities in education and jobs. It has one of the most outstanding educated workforces in Canada, having more scientist, engineer, and Ph.D. than any other cities out there, and it has also been said to having the highest salary income and the unemployment rate is usually lower than the national average. it's recognized as the most diverse bilingual cities in all of Canada.

Conclusion

Based on the information that I have collected through the studies of this course, I have come to a conclusion that I think Canada is the best place to live, there may be some flaws that Canada needs to considered in minimizing, but overall Canada had proved to me and maybe to you that it is the greatest place after all.

Bibliography

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