The Enlightenment PTC MOD 3 eUh 2001 Shelsy garza

The Enlightment was a movement of intellectuals who dared to know more about human progress, after being significantly impressed by the Scientific Revolution and overall reason. They were focused on the applications of the Scientific Method in order to understand all aspects of life, shaking off religious traditions and their references. Originally, the peasant majority didn't concern the elite, but a small minority believed that society as a whole was able to push progress through human reason in order to get away from organized thinking. The source includes photos of the intellectuals, as well as in depth images and timelines of important events such as the classical period of the arts and key texts published. The Enlightenment era was significant because it was a start in the belief of education. Philosophers hoped that by educating themselves, that they would be able to create a new, better human society. It also lead to social and political progress in the upcoming years.

The "Enter the Dragon" was a virtual gallery that displayed ancient furniture, plates, and ceramics that each represented the century's culture. Colors and patterns used as designs were influenced by traditions and events that were taking place in that era. One example is the "potters" that were traditionally painted blue and white that were thought to have been influenced by imported porcelain. In fact, the vast majority of the ceramics were painted blue and white. These were significant because individuals were able to incorporate symbolism into their pieces, and they were representations of a bigger idea. They were also used as actual eating utensils and "cups" meant to hold drinks at fine dining occasions. This is similar in a way to Neoclassical artists that tried to recapture simplicity of the classic styles of ancient Rome.

The biography of Francisco de Goya displays events from his early years of life, all the way into his career. He was regarded as the "most influential" Spanish artist in his time, with his work consisting of cartoons and paintings for the nobles. His early childhood began with him studying with painter Jose Luzan Martinez, at the age of fourteen. He progressed into joining a studio, and then eventually was introduced into royal workshops. From cartoons to portraits, Goya emerged into the world of royal patronage and painted executives and their royal families. This individual was significant by conveying his artistic talents in remarkable portraits. He not only painted his subjects, he was also sure to depict himself in them and use various undertones that varied with each piece. His work was capable of giving art a deeper meaning not discovered before.

"Elephants and Roses" took the reader back in time by starting two hundred years ago in the city of Paris. The APS Museum explored French natural history after the revolution in France and includes exhibition sections that symbolize the economic, agricultural and political prosperity the country experienced. It consists of objects to see that aren't exhibited in the United States, as well as five exhibitions each with its own story. An example is the "Music for Elephants", which discusses the paleontology and documentation of two elephants using strictly fossils. The exhibits have significantly allowed visitors to experience these sacred objects and stories like no other, allowing one to go back in time to when these displays made history.

Bibliography:

- "Elephants and Roses." 2017. http://www.apsmuseum.org/elephants-and-roses/.

American Philosophical Society Museum

- Voohries, J. (2003, October). Francisco de Goya (1746–1828) and the Spanish Enlightenment. Retrieved from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/goya/hd_goya.htm Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

- Enter the Dragon: The Beginning of English Chinoserie. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.chipstone.org/html/SpecialProjects/Dragon/12dragon.html

- Darty, A. (n.d.). Enlightenment Powerpoint Review. The Age of Enlightenment: Rationalism and its uses

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